Hans von Seeckt

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Seeckt, Hans von


Born Apr. 22, 1866, in Schleswig; died Dec. 27, 1936, in Berlin. German military and political figure. Colonel general.

Seeckt joined the army in 1885 and graduated from the Military Academy in 1899. He saw service in World War I as chief of staff of the Fourth Army in 1914–15, the Eleventh Army in 1915, and a group of forces operating against Serbia in 1915–16, Rumania in 1916, and Russia in 1917. From December 1917 to the end of the war he was chief of the General Staff of the Turkish Army. In 1919–20, Seeckt was chief of the troop administrative office, which was, in fact, a general staff, prohibited by the Treaty of Versailles. He was chief of administration for the ground forces from 1920 to 1926 (commander in chief of the Reichswehr). Seeckt created a professional Reichswehr to serve as the foundation for the future German mass army and conducted the secret preparations for the manufacture of armaments, which was forbidden Germany.

In the fall of 1923, during an acute political crisis, Seeckt concentrated all the executive power in his hands and suppressed the revolutionary movement. He was a deputy to the Reichstag from the People’s Party from 1930 to 1932 and advocated transferring power to the Nazis. In 1934–35, Seeckt was the chief military adviser of the German military mission to the Kuomintang government of China.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The ensuing campaign in Galicia conducted by the German and Austro-Hungarian forces under Colonel General (later Field Marshal) August von Mackensen (1849-1945) and his chief of staff, Major General Hans von Seeckt (1866-1936), and the following drive into Russian Poland, brought about an interesting argument over encirclement.
The invasion of Serbia in September--November 1915 was the last for the "military marriage" of August von Mackensen as commander and Hans von Seeckt as his Chief of Staff.
The great Chief of the German General Staff, General Hans von Seeckt, did a stint advising Chiang Kai-Shek's National Revolutionary Army.
What might small-scale experiments like the ones Hans von Seeckt conducted prior to the Second World War (5) look like relative to the challenge of engaging and thwarting ideologically driven adversaries and enemies?
The German victory over France in May 1940 resulted largely from changes in the cultural patterns of the German army that were made in the early 1920s by the Chief of Staff, General Hans von Seeckt.
Again, following WWI, Hans von Seeckt followed the tradition of Scharnhorst and Gneisenau in reforming the army, again emphasizing aggressive, offensive operations to deal a decisive blow to an enemies flank and rear.
They profile operational chiefs such as James Guthrie Harbord, Maxime Weygand, Louis-Alexandre Berthier, Fritz von Lossberg, Hans von Seeckt, and Erich Ludendorff, their relationships with commanders and subordinates, and their management style.
Hans von Seeckt (1866-1936), monarchist and decorated World War I Generalmajor, was commissioned with consolidating the Reichswehr in the Weimar Republic.
The post-World War I studies commissioned by German General Hans von Seeckt, which helped launch a revolution in combined arms warfare, are probably the best example of this type.
James Corum's foreword and the editors' introduction cover the origins of the operational and tactical doctrine found in Truppenfuhrung from before World War I through the early 1930s, especially the influence of Gen Hans von Seeckt, army commander from 1920 to 1926.
Hans von Seeckt and other German military advisers during the five "bandit suppression" campaigns against the Communists (December 1930-December 1934); his field commands were not notably successful, though, and the forces under his command were ensnared by Chu Teh and suffered 30,000 casualties (May 1931); signed the Tangku (Tanggu) truce with Japanese on Chiang's behalf (1933); during World War II, he led Chinese forces in Burma under Gen.
Most significant, the paper published an article attacking Chancellor Gustav Stresemann (1878-1929) and General Hans von Seeckt (1866-1936), the head of the army (Reichswehr), which reignited the long-simmering dispute between Munich and Berlin over constitutional powers.