Hanswurst

Hanswurst

 

a comic character in German popular theater. Hanswurst appeared in the 16th century in the Fastnacht festivities. In the 17th century Hanswurst and Pickled Herring became the main figures in the comical interlude, uniting the diverse parts of the presentations of wandering troupes. Hanswurst was a commoner, a simpleton and a cunning fellow, a merry bully, and a coward and a glutton who entertained the audience with farcical jokes and tricks. There were German and Austrian (similar to the Italian Harlequin) varieties of Hanswurst. In the work of the Viennese actor I. Stranitzky, Hanswurst saw the last period of his popularity. At the end of the 18th century he finally disappeared from the stage, yielding to the comical characters of vaudeville and Singspiel.

REFERENCE

Istoriia zapadnoevropeiskogo teatra, vol. 1. Edited by S. S. Mokul’skii. Moscow, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
He says he would rather be a Hanswurst than a holy man.
Even Nietzsche who, he says, aspires to be the hanswurst, the buffoon, only partly achieves this when writing a monograph.
Thanks to Rademin, the transformation of Italian commedia dell'arte into German Hanswurst comedy actually took place in Kuks.
Solo despues de eliminar a su solemne adversario, cuando el mismo toma en serio su papel imperial y cree representar, en su careta napoleonica, al autentico Napoleon [mit der napoleonischen Maske den wirklichen Napoleon], solo entonces es victima de su propia concepcion del mundo, el payaso serio que ya no toma la historia universal por una comedia, sino su comedia por la historia universal [der ernsthafte Hanswurst, der nicht mehr die Weltgeschichte als eine Komodie, sondern seine Komodie als Weltgeschichte nimmt].
The banishment of Hanswurst in the 1730s meant the banishment of irrational and especially sensual forces associated with the brutish side of human nature, and with them a 'carnival' spirit fundamental to human nature, without which the theatre cannot survive (p.
Whilst some areas are usefully contextualized - notably the comic figures with reference to Hanswurst, Harlequin and Shakespearian figures, others are less so.
The comic folk character Hanswurst plays an important part and it is he who flirts with the servant girl Grete.
The character developed in late 17th-century Austria from Hanswurst, the cunning peasant servant of the Viennese popular theater.
In a scene discussed by Manfred Frank, two of the characters of the play within the play of Der gestiefelte Kater, the palace tutor Leander and Hanswurst, "Jackpudding," discuss a new play called Der gestiefelte Kater on the basis, among other things, of the accuracy of its depiction of the audience.
The tradition of the improvised comedy typified by Stranitzky and Prehauser earlier in the century was being maintained at the Leopoldstadttheater, which opened in 1781, and it is therefore not surprising that ordinary folk flocked to see the antics 6f the peasant figure Kasperl which stemmed from Stranitzky's renowned Hanswurst.