Arnold, Henry

(redirected from Hap Arnold)

Arnold, (Henry Harley) “Hap”

(1886–1950) soldier, aviator; born in Gladwyne, Pa. A physician's son, he graduated from West Point in 1907 and served in the infantry before transferring to the Signal Corps. Bored with garrison routine, Arnold volunteered for flight training, receiving instruction from no less an authority than Orville Wright, and obtained a pilot's license in 1911. An ally of air visionary William Mitchell, Arnold became a leading advocate of air power during the 1920s and 1930s. As commander of the Army Air Corps (1938) and, from 1941 onward, as chief of the Army Air Forces, he built a mighty air fleet—64,000 aircraft and 2.4 million men—and developed strategic and tactical air doctrine, including the massive long-range bombing of Germany and Japan. Arnold retired in 1946, a year before the air force became an independent service. Given a fifth star as a general of the army in 1944, his commission was changed to general of the air force in 1949. Arnold wrote several books, including This Flying Game (1936) and Global Mission (1949).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Spaatz and the Air War in Europe and Hap Arnold's Global Mission.
Second, Kaiser makes clear that FDR was thinking in terms of victory over the Axis powers even while Marshall, Hap Arnold, and others remained focused on hemispheric defense and building up American forces in 1939 and 1940.
"It's fun to look back at our history and learn that Combat Camera was started by Hap Arnold himself before the Air Force was even established as a separate service," said Lt.
An odd note is a point made by Libbey that Billy Mitchell was both friend and mentor to Alexander de Seversky, and to the future five-star general of the Army, then Air Force, Hap Arnold. Arnold reportedly despised de Seversky and did his best to keep him from achieving any degree of success in industry or the Air Force.
Hap Arnold was the last promoted of the four original five-star officers authorized by the Congress for the army.
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According to the WASP history published by Texas Woman's University, Cochran and Hap Arnold had intended the women to be made part of the military, but the road to militarization was slow, requiring an act of Congress.
Hap Arnold requested a meeting with President Franklin D.
Tobyhanna Army Depot DoDAAC W81U11 11 Hap Arnold Blvd Building 73 Tobyhanna, PA 18466-5110
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Cataclysm; General Hap Arnold and the defeat of Japan.