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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city and the administrative center of Haapsalu Raion, Estonian SSR. Haapsalu is situated on an inlet of the Baltic Sea, 100 km southwest of Tallinn. It has a railroad station on the Tallinn-Rohukiila line. Industry is represented by a textile factory, an experimental fish-processing combine, a grain-products combine, and the shop of a meat-packing combine. The city has a museum of local lore.

Haapsalu is a seaside peloid health resort. The summers are moderately warm, with an average July temperature of approximately 17°C; the winters are mild, with an average January temperature of approximately – 4°C. Sea silt from the inlet is used therapeutically to treat diseases of the digestive system, musculoskeletal system, and peripheral nervous system. Haapsalu has two sanitoriums, a balneopeloid facility, and a physical therapy facility.


Raudver, G. Haapsalu. Tallinn, 1965. (Translated from Estonian.)
Martinson, M. Haapsalu kuurort. Tallinn, 1975.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hapsal), a former administrative centre of the Oesel-Wiek Bishopric (Fig.
EAA f 854, n 4, s 105 Geometrischer Plan der Kreisstadt Hapsal, 1848.
EAA f 2072, n 2, s 361 Hapsal (town plan of Haapsalu, 1860).
(32) This history of the Baltic coast as bath and tourist region for Russians still has not been written and remains in the shadow of more "exotic" resort sites like the Crimea or the Caucasus, although Reval, Hapsal, Pernau, Arensburg, and Riga-Strand were much easier to reach, especially prior to the era of railways.
From Estonia, they demanded Ozal (Saaremaa) and Dago (Hiiumaa), islands off the west coast, and Hapsal (Haapsalu) and Parnu on the mainland.
Marz 1805 in Haapsalu (Hapsal) geborene Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann.
Zwei Munsterrullen von Hapsal und der Wiek aus dem Jahre 1563.--Ostdeutsche Familienkunde, 1988, 3, 354-359.