New Zealand Flax

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New Zealand Flax

 

(Phormium tenax), a perennial herb of the Liliaceae family, sometimes classified in the Agavaceae family. It has sword-shaped leaves up to three m long arranged in two rows on a short stem. The branched blossom cluster, 1.5–4.5 m high, bears 250–460 red or yellow flowers, which are pollinated by birds. The fruit is a three-faceted pod. The leaves contain a strong fiber used for making twine, rope, ship rigging, and matting. New Zealand flax is native to New Zealand and Norfolk Island, where it grows in large thickets on moist plains and mountain slopes. It can withstand temperatures of –10°C. The plant is raised for both industrial and decorative purposes in many subtropical countries. In the Caucasus, along the Black Sea, New Zealand flax is grown in gardens and parks and on small plantations.

References in periodicals archive ?
For example, in one curriculum meeting the possibility of harakeke classes (11) for children and parents was raised.
The development of fabric and other natural products from harakeke (flax).
Pihama, "Tungi te Ururua, Kia Tupu Whakaritorito te tupu o te Harakeke," MA Thesis, Auckland University, 1993: 20.
Members working for Maori and iwi health providers, along with employer representatives, gathered in marae and other venues around the country last month to plait muka strands from harakeke.
In the centre of the table is my 'talking handbag', a rather tatty harakeke kete with a thin black lead trailing out of it to my headset mini-microphone.
1993) Tungia te Ururua, Kia Tupu Whakaritorito te Tepu o te Harakeke, MA thesis, University of Auckland.
Harakeke weaving has been underway in various parts of the country, as part of the regional activities supporting the Te Rau Kokiri (TRK) campaign.