Harald Ulrik Sverdrup

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sverdrup, Harald Ulrik


Born Nov. 15 1888, in Sogn-dal; died Aug. 21, 1957, in Oslo. Norwegian arctic explorer, meteorologist, and oceanographer. Member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters and the National Academy of Sciences of the USA.

Sverdrup served as professor at the Geophysical Institute in Bergen from 1926 to 1930 and at the University of California from 1936 to 1948. He was the director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in California from 1936 to 1948 and of the Norwegian Polar Institute from 1948. He was a professor at the University of Oslo from 1949.

From 1918 to 1925, Sverdrup directed the scientific investigations of the polar expeditions led by R. Amundsen on the Maud and compiled important data on the dynamics and regime of the East Siberian Sea. In 1931, Sverdrup conducted an underwater polar expedition on the Nautilus.


Oceanography for Meteorologists. London, 1945.
The Oceans: Their Physics, Chemistry, and General Biology, 7th ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1942. (With M. W. Johnson and R. H. Fleming.)
In Russian translation:
Plavanie na sudne “Mod” v vodakh morei Laptevykh i Vostochno-Sibirskogo. Leningrad, 1930.
Vo I’dy napodvodnoi lodke. Moscow, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
85 it is stated that Amundsen's Maud "never succeeded in entering the Arctic icepack." After Amundsen had left the expedition, but while he was still in overall charge, Maud entered the ice east of Wrangel Island on 8 August 1922, under the command of Harald Sverdrup, and drifted with the ice until 9 August 1924, when she emerged north of the New Siberian Islands.
Harald Sverdrup, a chemical engineer and liming expert from the Lund (Sweden) Institute of Technology, cautions that "liming doesn't solve all [ecosystem] problems -- just a suite of the worst." Nonetheless, he says, it is the fastest remedy for surface-water acidification.