Harar


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Harar

or

Harrar

(both: hä`rər), city (1994 pop. 76,378), capital of Harar region, E central Ethiopia, at an altitude of c.6,000 ft (1,830 m). It is the trade center for a region where coffee, cereals, and cotton are produced. Harar was probably founded in the 7th cent. After 1520 the Somali conqueror Ahmad Gran made it the capital of a considerable Muslim state, but an OromoOromo
or Galla
, traditionally pastoral tribes who live in W and S Ethiopia and N Kenya. They number more than 25 million. About half are Muslim, about a third Ethiopian Orthodox, and about a sixth Protestant.
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 invasion brought an end (1577) to its political power. The city maintained a precarious independence until its occupation (1875–85) by Egypt. In 1887 it was incorporated into Ethiopia by Menelik II. The Harari inhabitants of the city are a distinctive Ethiopian group who speak a Semitic language, but whose written literature is Arabic. A walled city, Harar was long a center of Islamic learning, and has many mosques and shrines. It also is the site of a military academy and of teacher-training and agricultural schools. It is also spelled Harer.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Harar

 

(also Harer), a city in eastern Ethiopia; capital of Harar Province. Population, 51,000 (1975). Harar is connected by highway with the cities of Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa. It is a center for trade in coffee and coffee processing and for trade in grain, fruit, and cattle. Cottage industries specialize in the production of metal ware, pottery, and tanned hides.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Harar

, Harrer
a city in E Ethiopia: former capital of the Muslim state of Adal. Pop.: 96 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The road to Ethiopia's easternmost coffee province of Harar is so basic that it barely can qualify being described as a road.
Lorsque les enfants grandissent, ils reviennent sur leur conception initiale en apprenant que les hyenes locales sont en fait paisibles ; ils apprennent alors a craindre les hyenes qui se trouvent a l'exterieur d'Harar. Tout au long de la moyenne enfance et au-dela, des representations de la hyene servent dans les contes populaires, les chansons, les chants et les idiomes a representer d'autres humains tout en refletant une interaction avec les hyenes locales.
In the region of Harar, where it bottles the beverage of the same name, it is involved in Sustainable Water Sources Harar, a project that aims to provide water access for 50,000 people.
The Dutch brewer said on 30 March it was confident about the outcome of the process as its offers of USD85.2m for Bedele and USD78.1m for Harar were the highest made.Country: , EthiopiaSector: Food/Beverages/TobaccoTarget: Bedele brewery, Harar breweryBuyer: Heineken NVDeal size in USD: 163.3mType: PrivatisationStatus: ExclusivityComment: Deal size refers to combined offers.
We are then transported back to Ethiopia in 1970, where Lilly makes her home in a dirt compound in the city of Harar. After a botched female circumcision, she falls in love with Dr Aziz, who is also an outsider because of his ebony skin.
The colt, born on January 13, is out of the winning Lagunas mare Hosea, dam of several winners including last season's German St Leger second Harar.
This slightly bizarre experience was probably worth my entire trip to Ethiopia's ancient walled city of Harar. In fact, feeding the hyenas is perhaps one of the most locally famous attractions for visitors.
Intriguing scraps of manuscript continue to surface at rare intervals, and even a photo, very likely authentic, of Rimbaud in Aden (Yemen), where he spent much of the 1880s leading expeditions to Harar in Ethiopia, and beyond, trading in arms and other goods.
Elms celebrates the Ethiopian Christmas in January then visits Harar, home to the amazing Hyena Men.
After receiving a Muslim education in Harar, Menghistu Lemma studied in Addis Ababa and in London at the Regent Street Polytechnic and the London School of Economics.
Seven officers died on Saturday after their vehicle run over an explosive between Kharof Harar and Konton centre.
Speaking in Khorof Harar, the scene of the IED attack that killed seven policemen on Saturday, Birik said the war on terror can never be won if residents are aiding the militia.