Harare


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Harare

(hə`rärā), formerly

Salisbury,

city (1992 est. pop. 1,485,615), alt. 4,865 ft (1,483 m), capital of Zimbabwe, NE Zimbabwe. Harare is Zimbabwe's largest city and its administrative, commercial, and communications center. It has a mild climate and is the trade center for an agricultural region whose main products are tobacco, corn, cotton, and citrus fruits. Manufactures include textiles, clothing, processed food and tobacco, beverages, steel, chemicals, furniture, fertilizers, and construction materials. Gold is mined in the area. Harare is connected by rail with BulawayoBulawayo
, city (1992 est. pop. 621,742), SW Zimbabwe. It is the second largest city of Zimbabwe and an important industrial, commercial, and railroad center. Among its manufactures are textiles, motor vehicles, tires, metal products, and cement.
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, in SW Zimbabwe. The city was founded in 1890 as a fort by the Pioneer Column, a mercenary force organized by Cecil J. Rhodes to seize Mashonaland. The city was originally named Salisbury after the 3d marquess of Salisbury, then British prime minister. It became a municipality in 1897 and a city in 1935. Salisbury was the capital of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (1953–63). After World War II the population grew as many people migrated to the city. After Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980, the name of the city was changed to Harare. Harare is the site of the Univ. of Zimbabwe, of the National Gallery, which has collections of African soapstone carvings, and of the National Museum, known for its archaeological holdings.
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Harare

the capital of Zimbabwe, in the northeast: University of Zimbabwe (1957); industrial and commercial centre. Pop.: 1 527 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
But some MDC supporters still rallied in downtown Harare. The police descended upon them and rights groups say more than one hundred people were arrested while a dozen were injured.
Avant le rejet de la demande du MDC, des partisans de l'opposition s'etaient infiltres dans le quartier central des affaires de Harare en attendant le signal pour debuter les manifestations prevues.
Previous typhoid outbreaks in Harare have been associated with municipal water shortages and increased use of contaminated boreholes and shallow wells (2-5).
When the army rolled its tanks into Harare, military leaders said they were targeting "criminals around the president." A bitter Mugabe said later, however, that the army's action had forced him to resign.
According to state broadcaster ZBC, a bus was on its way to the capital Harare from Mutare and the other was coming in the opposite direction when the mishap occurred in Rusape town, Al Jazeera reported.
Calls from church leaders for calm between warring parties and for citizens to restore peace have had little effect amid growing concerns and allegations of state-sponsored violence, with opposition parties charging that soldiers have been deployed to beat up people in Harare suburbs.
The country's electoral commission said that Zanu-PF had won a two-thirds majority in parliament - prompting protests in the capital, Harare.
She said the government's primary concern was the safety of UK nationals in the former British colony, and urged expats in Harare to stay "safely at home" until the situation becomes clearer.
The UK's acting ambassador to Zimbabwe Simon Thomas said the prime advice to any British nationals in Harare is to stay at home or in their hotel rooms until things had 'settled down a bit'.
According to Zimbabwe's military, it has placed President Robert Mugabe under house arrest in the capital Harare.
Heavy gun and artillery fire could be heard in northern parts of the capital Harare early on Wednesday.