(redirected from Hardwick, Oxfordshire)
Also found in: Dictionary.




county (1991 pop. 553,800), 749 sq mi (1,940 sq km), S central England. The county seat is OxfordOxford,
city (1991 pop. 113,847) and district, county seat of Oxfordshire, S central England. In addition to its importance as the site of the Univ. of Oxford, the city has significant industries, including the manufacture of automobiles and steel products.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The county comprises five administrative districts: Cherwell, South Oxfordshire, Oxford, Vale of White Horse, and West Oxfordshire. The terrain is generally flat except for a branch of the Chiltern Hills in the southeast. The county is drained by the ThamesThames
, Rom. Tamesis, principal river of England, c.210 mi (340 km) long. It rises in four headstreams (the Thames or Isis, Churn, Coln, and Leach) in the Cotswold Hills, E Gloucestershire, and flows generally eastward across S England and through London to the North Sea
..... Click the link for more information.
 River (or Isis as it is sometimes locally called) and its affluents, the Windrush, the Evenlode, the Cherwell, and the Thame.

The chief occupation is farming (wheat, barley, and oats), with some dairying and sheep raising. Ironstone and limestone are found. Oxford is the industrial center (automobiles and steel products). In the Middle Ages, Oxfordshire was a part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of MerciaMercia
, one of the kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England, consisting generally of the region of the Midlands. It was settled by Angles c.500, probably first along the Trent valley.
..... Click the link for more information.
. During the English civil war it was a stronghold of royalist resistance. The Univ. of OxfordOxford, University of,
at Oxford, England, one of the oldest English-language universities in the world. The university was a leading center of learning throughout the Middle Ages; such scholars as Roger Bacon, Duns Scotus, John Wyclif, and Bishop Grosseteste were associated
..... Click the link for more information.
 dates from the 12th cent. Near Woodstock, rich in historical associations, is Blenheim ParkBlenheim Park,
estate, Oxfordshire, central England, near Woodstock. The stately Blenheim Palace was designed by Sir John Vanbrugh and stands on spacious grounds that included entensive formal gardens that were removed in the 1760s when Capability Brown redesigned the parklands.
..... Click the link for more information.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a county in Great Britain, in the Thames River basin. Area, 1,900 sq km. Population, 380,800 (1971). The county town is Oxford.

The breeding of dairy cows is the main agricultural pursuit, although there is also grain and sugar-beet farming. The main branch of industry is machine building, primarily the manufacture of automobiles. There is also a printing industry. The northern part has iron-ore deposits.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


an inland county of S central England: situated mostly in the basin of the Upper Thames, with the Cotswolds in the west and the Chilterns in the southeast. Administrative centre: Oxford. Pop.: 615 200 (2003 est.). Area: 2608 sq. km (1007 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005