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see HararHarar
or Harrar
, city (1994 pop. 76,378), capital of Harar region, E central Ethiopia, at an altitude of c.6,000 ft (1,830 m). It is the trade center for a region where coffee, cereals, and cotton are produced. Harar was probably founded in the 7th cent.
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Harer (Ethiopia)

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Harer, a small city in eastern-central Ethiopia, is the primary Islamic pilgrimage site on the continent of Africa. As a settlement, it appears to date to the seventh century CE. The entrance of Islam into Harer is attributed to Shaykh Abadir, who in the tenth century established Islam with the assistance of forty-four saints. In 1520 the city was captured by Ahmad Gran (1506–1543), a Somali empire builder, who made it the center of a large Muslim state. Somali rule ended after only half a century, but the new rulers from the Ethiopian Oromo people were also Muslims. Following Ahmad Gran’s death, his widow built the distinctive large walls around the city, which allowed it to maintain some independence until Egyptian forces invaded the region in 1875 and occupied Harer. In 1887 it was incorporated into Ethiopia by Menelik II (1844–1913).

The largest mosque in Harer is al-Jami, and part of the building dates to the eleventh century, making it possibly the oldest building in the city. However, possibly the most interesting site is the tomb of Abadir, which several times weekly is the scene of Sufi ceremonies.


Munro-Hay, Stuart. Historical Ethiopia: A Book of Sources and a Guide to Historical Sites. Trenton, NJ: Red Sea Press, 2000.
Trimingham, John Spencer. Islam in Ethiopia. London: Oxford University Press, 1952.
The Encyclopedia of Religious Phenomena © 2008 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
[1] Pankaj K Agarwal, Herbert Edelsbrunner, John Harer, and Yusu Wang.
Harer, "SW1PerS: sliding windows and 1-persistence scoring; discovering periodicity in gene expression time series data," BMC Bioinformatics, vol.
satam krpa mahat-seva sraddha guru-padasrayah I bhajanesu sprha bhaktir anarthapagamas tatah II nistha rucir athasakti ratih prematha darsanam I harer madhuryanubhava ity arthah syus caturdasa II (KS 1965: 156)
Ziad Bin harer said: Omar bin al-Khattab appointed me as ushr officer to collect 'Ushor, he told me to take 'Ushr (one-tenth) from merchants of the Pledge, one-half of one tenth from non- Muslims merchants and one fourth of one-tenth from Muslim merchants.
Continuo-Aussetzung von Christoph Harer. (Barenreiter Urtext.) Barenreiter, 2013.
The group is represented by Ken Harer of Condominium Law Group PLLC in Seattle.
[30] and Harer and Deshmukh [61] also reported similar results and suggested greater emphasis on longer duration during selection.
Logan Harer: Plaintiff alleges negligence resulting in personal injury; suit seeks $49,500.
Concretely, in the book [11], page 171, Edelsbrunner and Harer stated the following property called Spectral sequence theorem:
In total, hospital centers with at least one pathologist and an FNAB service are found in 11 cities of Ethiopia: Addis Ababa, Nazret, Dese, Gonder, Dilla, Awassa, Mekelle/Adua, Bahir Dar, Jima, Harer, and Dire Dawa (Figure 1).
Epidemiological research from 529 asymptomatic Russians between the ages of 36-84 years estimates a prevalence of 2.1% of the population with [greater than or equal to] 50% stenosis in a vertebral artery (Harer and Gusev 1996).
It is vital that American Indian students be able to recognize their culture within their education (Love, Benefiel, & Harer, 2001).