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(all: härgā`sä), town (1984 est. pop. 70,000) and capital of the SomalilandSomaliland,
autonomous region and self-proclaimed independent state (2008 est. pop. 3,500,000), c.53,100 sq mi (137,600 sq km), NW Somalia. It is bordered on the N by the Gulf of Aden, on the E by the Puntland region, on the S by Ethiopia, and on the W by Djibouti.
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 region, N Somalia. It is a commercial center and watering place for nomadic stock herders. The town is a transportation hub and has an international airport. The town was taken in 1870 by Egyptian forces, who withdrew in 1884 to fight the Mahdi in Sudan. The British later took control and, in 1941, made Hargeisa the capital of British Somaliland. The city is the capital of the rebels who declared former British Somaliland region independent as the "Republic of Somaliland."
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Hargeysa), a city in northwest Somalia, administrative center of Hargeisa Region. Population, 50,000 (1972). Hargeisa is linked by road with the port of Berbera. There is trade in livestock, hides, leather, and corn.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a city in NW Somalia: former capital of British Somaliland (1941--60); trading centre for nomadic herders. Pop.: 400 000 (latest est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
HARGEISA, Somalia, April 27 (KUNA) -- A Kuwaiti medical team, in collaboration with Kuwait's International Mercy Society, distributed humanitarian and food aid to a northern town in Somalia.
Jeddah, Muharram 3, 1433, Nov 28, 2011, SPA -- In cooperation with the Holy Quran Memorization International Organization (HQMIO), the Charitable Association for Call and Development in Somalia honored 30 memorizers of the Holy Quran who participated in the Holy Quran Memorization Contest held under the patronage of the Ministry of Endowments and Islamic Affairs in Hargeisa, Somalia.
HARGEISA, Somalia, April 28 (KUNA) -- A Kuwaiti medical team on Friday checked 600 patients in the region of Somaliland, Somalia, and provided medical supplies for them.