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(all: härgā`sä), town (1984 est. pop. 70,000) and capital of the SomalilandSomaliland,
autonomous region and self-proclaimed independent state (2008 est. pop. 3,500,000), c.53,100 sq mi (137,600 sq km), NW Somalia. It is bordered on the N by the Gulf of Aden, on the E by the Puntland region, on the S by Ethiopia, and on the W by Djibouti.
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 region, N Somalia. It is a commercial center and watering place for nomadic stock herders. The town is a transportation hub and has an international airport. The town was taken in 1870 by Egyptian forces, who withdrew in 1884 to fight the Mahdi in Sudan. The British later took control and, in 1941, made Hargeisa the capital of British Somaliland. The city is the capital of the rebels who declared former British Somaliland region independent as the "Republic of Somaliland."
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Hargeysa), a city in northwest Somalia, administrative center of Hargeisa Region. Population, 50,000 (1972). Hargeisa is linked by road with the port of Berbera. There is trade in livestock, hides, leather, and corn.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a city in NW Somalia: former capital of British Somaliland (1941--60); trading centre for nomadic herders. Pop.: 400 000 (latest est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(2) College of Medicine & Health Science, University of Hargeisa, Hargeisa, Somaliland
Hargeisa, Somaliland: Flydubai on Wednesday announced the addition of three new routes to its growing network.
The paper draws on data gathered from September to December 2011 in Hargeisa, Somaliland. A qualitative methodology using an explorative and emergent design, including in-depth interviews and observation, was utilised.
KBI Empower Group, in collaboration with Canadian Eye on Africa, the Horn of Africa Institute of Infrastructure Protection and Regional Security and Admas University College (Hargeisa Campus) affiliates are pleased to announce the opening of the call for abstracts for its Annual Horn of Africa Infrastructure Protection & Security Trade Show which will take place at Mansour Hotel in Hargeisa, Somaliland on 22nd & 23rd of February, 2013.
<B A young girl stands in a barren field on the outskirts of Hargeisa, Somaliland. Villagers across the self-proclaimed state of Somaliland are suffering famine and drought and have lost their livestock and livelihoods after a lack of rainfall in recent years Joe Giddens
Hargeisa, Somaliland: A Dubai-based health care group last week reached out to thousands of famine-hit refugees and distributed food in the east-African country of Somaliland ahead of Eid Al Adha.