James Hargreaves

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James Hargreaves
BirthplaceKnuzden Brook, Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire, England
Known for Spinning Jenny

Hargreaves, James

(här`grēvz), 1720?–1778, English engineer. In 1762 he made an unsuccessful attempt to develop a machine for carding, a process preparatory to spinningspinning,
the drawing out, twisting, and winding of fibers into a continuous thread or yarn. From antiquity until the Industrial Revolution, spinning was a household industry. The roughly carded fiber was at first held in one hand and drawn out and twisted by the other hand.
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, and in 1764 he invented the spinning jenny, which resulted in doubling production in the carding process.

Hargreaves, James


Date of birth unknown; died Apr. 22, 1778, in Nottingham. English inventor.

Hargreaves worked as a weaver in the town of Blackburn. In 1762 he constructed an improved carding machine. In 1765, Hargreaves invented a spinning mule that he called a jenny in honor of his daughter, and on June 22, 1770, he obtained a patent on the machine. Owing to the simplicity of its design and the low cost of its manufacture, Hargreaves’ machine was used widely.


Tseitlin, E. A. Ocherki istorii tekstil’noi tekhniki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
References in periodicals archive ?
BIRMINGHAM: Adam Roynon R/R, Lee Smart, Jason Lyons, Craig Watson, Robert Ksiezak, Jack Hargreaves, James Birkinshaw.
BIRMINGHAM: Adam Roynon R/R, Chris Mills, Jason Lyons, Lee Smart, Craig Watson, Jack Hargreaves, James Birkinshaw.
BRUMMIES: Adam Roynon, Phil Morris, Jason Lyons, Lee Smart, Craig Watson, Jack Hargreaves, James Birkinshaw.