Mata Hari

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Mata Hari
Margaretha Geertruida Zelle
Birthday
BirthplaceLeeuwarden, Netherlands
Died
NationalityDutch
Known for Convicted as a spy in World War I

Mata Hari

(mä`tə hä`rē), 1876–1917, Dutch dancer and spy during World War I. Her real name was Margaretha Geertruida Zelle. She married (1895–1906) the Dutch captain Rudolph MacLeod, lived for a time in the Dutch East Indies, and became after their separation an exotic dancer in Paris, soon adopting the name Mata Hari. She was later a courtesan who had military officers among her many lovers. During World War I she was apparently recruited as a spy by both Germany and France. In 1917 she was arrested, convicted, and executed by the French for betraying military secrets, though it is unclear exactly what information she gave the Germans (she denied providing them with any useful intelligence).

Hari, Mata:

see Mata HariMata Hari
, 1876–1917, Dutch dancer and spy during World War I. Her real name was Margaretha Geertruida Zelle. She married (1895–1906) the Dutch captain Rudolph MacLeod, lived for a time in the Dutch East Indies, and became after their separation an exotic dancer in
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Mata Hari

(1876–1917) courtesan executed by French for German espionage (1917). [Ger. Hist.: EB, VI: 683]
See: Spying
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Mata Hari

real name Gertrud Margarete Zelle. 1876--1917, Dutch dancer in France, who was executed as a German spy in World War I
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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