Haryana

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Haryana

(härēän`ə), state (2001 provisional pop. 21,082,989), 17,120 sq mi (44,341 sq km), N central India. ChandigarhChandigarh
, union territory (2001 provisional pop. 900,914), 44 sq mi (114 sq km) and city, NW India. The city is the capital of both Haryana and Punjab states. It was designed by Le Corbusier and built largely in the 1950s, on a site chosen for its climate and water supply, to
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 is the capital, and AmbalaAmbala
, city (1991 pop. 139,889), Haryana state, NW India. It is a district administrative headquarters, a military station, and a transportation center, with an airport and road and rail connections to Delhi.
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, KarnalKarnal
, city (1991 pop. 176,131), Haryana state, N central India. The town's name is derived from Karna, the rival of Arjuna in the Sanskrit Mahabharata epic. It is on the Delhi-Ambala railroad. Karnal is a market for cotton, salt, wheat, and metal.
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, PanipatPanipat
, town (1991 pop. 191,212), Haryana state, NW India, on the Western Yamuna Canal. It has saltpeter refining plants and manufactures electrical appliances, bricks, glass, and textiles.
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, RohtakRohtak
, city (1991 pop. 216,096), Haryana state, N central India. Rohtak is a district administrative center and a market for grain and cotton. Sculpture from the Buddhist period (c.600 B.C.) has been uncovered there. The city contains several constituent colleges of Punjab Univ.
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, and Bhiwani are other important cities. The terrain is mostly flat and dry but does support irrigated agriculture. Wheat, rice, and cotton are the major crops. Its proximity to Delhi (the national capital territory) provides a huge market for agricultural and manufacturing products. Haryana was created in 1966 out of the Hindi-speaking portions of Punjab state. It is governed by a chief minister and cabinet responsible to an elected, unicameral legislature and by a governor appointed by the president of India. Haryana has suffered from spillover of the violence associated with Sikh separatism in Punjab state.

Haryana

 

a state in northwestern India. Formed in 1966 from the Hindi-speaking areas in the southern part of the state of Punjab. Area, 44,000 sq km. Population, 11 million (1975). Haryana lies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The capital is the city of Chandigarh.

The economy of Haryana is primarily agricultural. Because of the arid climate, irrigation is necessary for farming, and more than 40 percent of the cultivated land is irrigated. The principal crops include wheat, barley, millet, and legumes; the state’s output of wheat is the fourth largest in India. In 1973, 3.5 million tons of grain were harvested. Industrial crops include cotton, sugarcane, and oil-bearing plants, such as peanuts. Purebred cattle and other types of livestock are raised.

The principal industries are food processing (particularly the manufacture of sugar), cotton milling and ginning (at Bhiwani), paper milling (at Jagadhri), and the manufacture of glass goods (at Ambala). A tractor plant is located at Pinjaur.

Haryana

a state of NE India, formed in 1966 from the Hindi-speaking parts of the state of Punjab. Capital: Chandigarh (shared with Punjab). Pop.: 21 082 989 (2001 est.). Area: 44 506 sq. km (17 182 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
29 for Hariana cattle in India for a small animal population (Dahiya, 2005).
Findings of current study are substantiated by the study of Dahiya (2005) conducted on Hariana cows.
La media de produccion de las mestizas Brahman de 8,45 kg de leche/dia de lactancia resulto superior a las reportadas para vacas cebuinas Hariana y Sahiwal que acumularon entre 3376 y 4707 kg de leche, aunque estas ultimas mostraron lactancias fueron mas prolongadas, que variaban entre 960 y 1136 dias, para producir alrededor de 3,5 y 4,1 kg de leche por dia de vida [12, 18].
In order to confirm the restriction patterns, the amplicons from two random representative animals of Hariana breed of cattle were sequenced using automated DNA sequencer (ABI Prism Ver 2.
01) by herd-year of calving while data from 588 lactation records of Hariana cows revealed a significant effect of period of calving on lactation length (Yadav and Rathi 1992).
indicus Hariana breed in which 4-5 point mutations were noticed at nucleotide level with reflected amino acid changes of 2 amino acids (Table 3).
A wide variation for heritability was reported in Hariana cattle.
The Hariana is another important Bos indicus breed which is a prominent dual-purpose breed of Northern India reared both for milk production and for use as a draught animal.
ii) National Dairy Plan-I a World Bank assisted project being implemented in 18 major dairy States covering development and conservation of 12 indigenous breeds of cattle and buffaloes namely (i) Gir; (ii) Kankrej; (iii) Tharparkar; (iv) Sahiwal; (v) Rathi; and (vi) Hariana cattle breeds and (i) Marrah; (ii) Mehsana; (iii) Pandharpuri; (iv) Jaffarabadi; (v) Banni and (vi) Nili Ravi buffalo breeds.
Semen from exotic breeds like Holstein, Jersey, Red Dane and Ayrshire were used for crossing with local cattle primarily Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Tharparker and Hariana.
Tenders are invited for Estimate for Purchase of Fuel wood for cremation Ground Shivpuri Hariana Road Hoshiarpur
Genetic Evaluation of Hariana Sires for Test Day Milk Records and First Lactation Milk Yield.