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Harlech(här`lĕkh, –lĕk, här`lē), town (1981 pop. 1,372), Gwynedd, W Wales. It is a resort area with beautiful beaches. The ancient capital of Merionethshire, with its 13th-century castle, rests on a cliff 200 ft (61 m) above the modern seaside town. The heroic defense of the castle against the Yorkists (1468; see Roses, Wars of theRoses, Wars of the,
traditional name given to the intermittent struggle (1455–85) for the throne of England between the noble houses of York (whose badge was a white rose) and Lancaster (later associated with the red rose).
About the middle of the 15th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. ) is the theme of the Welsh battle song, "The March of the Men of Harlech." The Welsh fortress was the last to surrender (1647) to the parliamentarians in the English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
..... Click the link for more information. . Portmeiron, a resort and architectural fantasy, is to the north across the Dwyryd River.
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a town in N Wales, in Gwynedd: noted for its ruined 13th-century castle overlooking Cardigan Bay: tourism. Pop.: 1233 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005