Harmony Society


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Harmony Society,

religious society founded by German Separatists under the leadership of George Rapp. The Harmonists (or Rappites) held property in common and subscribed to the austere doctrines of their leader, including that of celibacy. In 1805 the society founded the village of Harmony, Pa., and developed it into a prosperous agricultural and industrial community. Led by Rapp, the Harmonists moved in 1814–15 to Indiana and founded another Harmony. They prospered there too, but in 1825 they sold their holdings to Robert Owen (see New HarmonyNew Harmony,
town (1990 pop. 846), Posey co., SW Ind., on the Wabash River; founded 1814 by the Harmony Society under George Rapp. In 1825 the Harmonists sold their holdings to Robert Owen and moved to Economy, Pa., where their sect survived into the early 1900s.
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) and returned to Pennsylvania to create their third village at Economy (now Ambridge), NW of Pittsburgh. In 1832 a part of the colony, under "Count Leon," a German adventurer, withdrew to form a separate community. The society was weakened by the death of Rapp (1847), dwindled as the members grew older, and went out of existence after 1906.

Bibliography

See studies by A. Williams (1866, repr. 1971); J. S. Duss (1943), and K. J. R. Arndt (2 vol., 1972).

Harmony Society

embraced communism and celibacy; the latter caused their extinction. [Am. Hist.: Hart, 349]
See: Irony
References in periodicals archive ?
The Harmony Society was a group of German Pietists who arrived in the US in 1803 and ultimately build two villages in Pennsylvania, and a third in Indiana.
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National Catholic Educational Association, 18,000 attendees and 14,700 hotel room nights -- Barbershop Harmony Society, 15,000 attendees and 21,000 hotel room nights -- American Legion, 12,000 attendees and 15,300 hotel room nights -- The National Conference on Tobacco or Health, the first meeting booked based on the city's smoke-free environment New Name
Saturday, when the camp chorus will share the stage with some of the country's top cutting-edge barbershop quartets, including Old School, the current Barbershop Harmony Society International Quartet champion.
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Harmony Museum's 33rd Annual Dankfest, August 28-29 in Harmony, is a pioneer crafts festival in and around the National Historic Landmark District of Harmony, founded in 1804 by German separatists as the first home of the communal Harmony Society.
He was a member of the Barbershop Harmony Society (SPEBSQSA) for 42 years and sang with the Worcester Men of Song, The Naples Chorus, The Portsmouth NH Yankee Clippers Chorus, The Cape Cod Surftones, The Coastal Crooners Quartet, and many church choirs.