Harold Clurman

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Clurman, Harold


Born Sept. 18, 1901, in New York. American theater director and critic.

Clurman studied directing at the American Laboratory Theater in New York. He joined the Greenwich Village Playhouse in 1924 and worked for the Guild Theater from 1925 to 1931.

Clurman was a founding member of the Group Theater, the leading US theater of the 1930’s (1931–41). It developed a national American school of acting following the principles formulated by Stanislavsky. Clurman’s most significant work there was the production of plays by C. Odets. After the Group Theater closed, Clurman directed for the Broadway theater (for example, Simonov’s Russian People, 1945). He devoted much attention to new American and foreign dramatic works. In 1963–64, Clurman was a consultant to the Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center. In the postwar years Clurman frequently contributed drama criticism to various US and British periodicals. His articles and essays were published under the title Lies Like Truth.


Lies Like Truth. New York, 1958.


References in periodicals archive ?
He trained in Europe and America with the major teachers of drama of the twentieth century, among them: Stella Adler, Lee Strasberg, Harold Clurman, and Sanford Meisner.
Later, as a cofounder of the Aspen Playwrights Conference, Carmichael basked in the presence of the troupe's critic-in-residence, Group Theatre icon Harold Clurman.
Staged by Harold Clurman for the Lincoln Center, Incident at Vichy was not a great critical or commercial success.
It prevents her from consulting the left-wing magazines Theatre Workshop, which provided translations of Soviet writing on acting and directing, and New Theatre, in which the Russian impressions of Hallie Flanagan and Harold Clurman were published.
Adorno, Brecht, Charlie Chaplin, Harold Clurman, Jules Dassin, William Dieterle, Max Horkheimer, Herb Kline, Fritz Lang, Odets, Max Reinhardt, Jean Renoir, and Schoenberg.
Harold Clurman writes as follows, "Shortly after this debut he engaged in semi-political journalism and wrote theatre criticism.
Jones and Gillis, the Harold Clurman Center for New Works in Movement and Dance Theater (MAD) is now making its mark in the dance world.
And when Harold Clurman refers to the kind of theater that makes people better people for having seen it, it's the kind where integrity and truth break through all the dark clouds and shine down on us and inspire us to keep going.
Returning to New York, he worked in Off Off-Broadway theater and studied directing with Harold Clurman and acting with Sandy Meisner and Lee Strasberg.
Perteneciente al grupo de dramaturgos que iniciaron el movimiento Beato de Nuevo Teatro en Estados Unidos, con la creacion del Cafe La Mama, lugar donde en 1960 surge dicho auge teatral que habia de cambiar radicalmente la concepcion del fenomeno escenico, tanto de una amplia capa del publico, como de los mismos participes, yendo hacia el encuentro de un codigo que revolucionara por completo el(los) entorno(s) escenicos, y que cimentarian tambien lo que hoy se concibe como el off-off Broadway, Leonard Melfi se caracteriza por ser un libretista para quien los hechos de la vida cotidiana se plantean a traves de aquello que, a decir del critico Harold Clurman "para el espectador comun evoca la chocante imagen de los cuerpos desnudos y el sonido perturbador de las palabras soeces".
1950 - The Bird Cage opens at the Coronet Theatre on February 22, directed by Harold Clurman and starring Melvyn Douglas, Sanford Meisner, and Maureen Stapleton.
Names'' is a semi-fictional account of a meeting between stage and screen legends Clifford Odets, Harold Clurman, Lee Strasberg and John Garfield on the night before Elia Kazan is scheduled to testify before Sen.