He trained in Europe and America with the major teachers of drama of the twentieth century, among them: Stella Adler, Lee Strasberg, Harold Clurman
, and Sanford Meisner.
Torelle compares the play to a quote from influential theater director Harold Clurman
: "The truth is like castor oil, it is bitter to swallow and people don't want it; therefore, you make them laugh and when their mouths are open, you pour it in."
Later, as a cofounder of the Aspen Playwrights Conference, Carmichael basked in the presence of the troupe's critic-in-residence, Group Theatre icon Harold Clurman
. "We couldn't believe our luck that he said yes when he asked him," marvels Carmichael, who says he largely gave up early dreams of playwriting when he discovered another calling.
Staged by Harold Clurman
for the Lincoln Center, Incident at Vichy was not a great critical or commercial success.
It prevents her from consulting the left-wing magazines Theatre Workshop, which provided translations of Soviet writing on acting and directing, and New Theatre, in which the Russian impressions of Hallie Flanagan and Harold Clurman
Adorno, Brecht, Charlie Chaplin, Harold Clurman
, Jules Dassin, William Dieterle, Max Horkheimer, Herb Kline, Fritz Lang, Odets, Max Reinhardt, Jean Renoir, and Schoenberg.
writes as follows, "Shortly after this debut he engaged in semi-political journalism and wrote theatre criticism.
Jones and Gillis, the Harold Clurman
Center for New Works in Movement and Dance Theater (MAD) is now making its mark in the dance world.
And when Harold Clurman
refers to the kind of theater that makes people better people for having seen it, it's the kind where integrity and truth break through all the dark clouds and shine down on us and inspire us to keep going.
Returning to New York, he worked in Off Off-Broadway theater and studied directing with Harold Clurman
and acting with Sandy Meisner and Lee Strasberg.
He was inspired by the New Deal and the Popular Front culture of the era--the WPA, the Group Theatre (he wrote in The Nation that when he graduated from college, "the luckiest fate I could have imagined would have been to have a play of mine produced by the Group Theatre and directed by Harold Clurman