Harold Jeffreys


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Jeffreys, Harold

 

Born Apr. 22, 1891, in Fatfield, Durham. British astronomer and geophysicist.

Jeffreys graduated from Cambridge University in 1914. He was a professor of astronomy at Cambridge from 1946 to 1958. His principal works are concerned with the earth’s structure, motion, and evolution. He constructed a curve for the travel times of seismic waves, which is widely used to determine the epicenters of remote earthquake focuses. Jeffreys studied the effect of the earth’s viscosity on the nutation constant and the properties of the layer of the upper mantle at a depth of about 400 km. He helped develop the hypothesis of the origin of the planetary system as a result of the collision of the sun with another star.

WORKS

The Earth, Its Origin, History and Physical Constitution, 2nd ed. Cambridge, 1929.

REFERENCES

Rein, N. F., and N. N. Pariiskii. “Katastroficheskie gipotezy proiskhozhdeniia solnechnoi sistemy.” Uspekhi astronomicheskikh nauk, 1941, vol. 2.
Fesenkov, V. G. Kosmogoniia solnechnoi sistemy. Moscow-Leningrad, 1944.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bayesian Analysis in Econometrics and Statistics: Essays in Honor of Harold Jeffreys. (1980).
The objective approach is represented by Jaynes (2005) and earlier probability theorists such as Harold Jeffreys (1961), and the subjective approach is associated primarily with Bruno de Finetti (1974).
Indeed, Sir Harold Jeffreys published his 1939 book, Theory of Probability, to instruct not only his fellow physicists but also all scientists how to learn effectively from data.
McLure: In your recent lecture (Zellner 2009), you stressed the importance of the 'unity of science' principle to scientific endeavours, and the importance of Sir Harold Jeffreys's classic Theory of Probability to both that principle and the reemergence of Bayesian statistical inference.
The most complete listing of his publications is in Sir Harold Jeffreys. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 23 (1977), 19-39.