Harold Macmillan

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Macmillan, Harold


Born Feb. 10, 1894, in London. British statesman. The son of a powerful publisher.

Macmillan was educated at Eton and at Oxford University. He commenced his political career in 1924, when he was elected as a member of the ConservativeParty to the House of Commons. From 1940 to 1945 he occupied a number of posts in the government of W. Churchill. When the Conservatives returned to power after the general election of 1951, he served as minister of housing (1951-54), defense (1954-55), foreign affairs (1955), and finance (1955-57). After the debacle of the Suez Crisis (in Russian, the Anglo-Franco-Israeli aggression against Egypt) and the retirement of A. Eden, he became prime minister in 1957, remaining in this post until 1963. In 1964, Macmillan left active politics and headed a major publishing firm.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
| In politics, the Prime Minister, Harold Macmillan, was challenged by Labour leader Hugh Gaitskell to call a General Election, after the Government suffered a shock by-election defeat.
1960: Prime Minister Harold Macmillan and US President Dwight D Eisenhower agreed on new proposals for a nuclear test ban treaty.
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THE Home Secretary's resignation might be a scalp hanging on Labour's belt, but is it a solution to a problem that seems to have been there since Harold Macmillan, and that successive Tory and Labour governments have ignored?
Newly declassified top secret documents show that Harold Macmillan, then Prime Minister, was strongly opposed to having American weapons William, rather than the Holy Loch in Dunoon.But Eisenhower insisted that his men be based near a large city like Glasgow because it would be better for morale and they could relax and have fun on their shore leave.
Though opposed by British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, it led to South Africa's exclusion.
January 10, 1957: Harold Macmillan accepts the Queen's invitation to become Prime Minister following the sudden resignation of Sir Anthony Eden.
1986: Lord Stockton, the former Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, above, dies aged 92.
Harold Macmillan famously said he would sooner take advice from his butler than the Conservative conference.