Harold Macmillan

(redirected from Harold Macmillan, Earl of Stockton)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Macmillan, Harold


Born Feb. 10, 1894, in London. British statesman. The son of a powerful publisher.

Macmillan was educated at Eton and at Oxford University. He commenced his political career in 1924, when he was elected as a member of the ConservativeParty to the House of Commons. From 1940 to 1945 he occupied a number of posts in the government of W. Churchill. When the Conservatives returned to power after the general election of 1951, he served as minister of housing (1951-54), defense (1954-55), foreign affairs (1955), and finance (1955-57). After the debacle of the Suez Crisis (in Russian, the Anglo-Franco-Israeli aggression against Egypt) and the retirement of A. Eden, he became prime minister in 1957, remaining in this post until 1963. In 1964, Macmillan left active politics and headed a major publishing firm.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.