Harun al-Rashid

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Harun al-Rashid

?763--809 ad, Abbasid caliph of Islam (786--809), whose court at Baghdad was idealized in the Arabian Nights
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Harun al-Rashid

 

Born February 766 in Ray; died Mar. 24, 809, in Tus. Caliph from 786. Member of the Abbasid dynasty.

Harun came to power with the aid of the Barmecide family, which represented the interests of the Iranian feudal aristocracy. Until the fall of the Barmecides in 803, the family provided Ha-run’s viziers and largely controlled the affairs of the caliphate. From 803 he ruled alone.

Under Harun the Baghdad Caliphate made great progress in agriculture, crafts, trade, and the arts, especially literature. At the same time, however, signs of the decline of the caliphate appeared: antigovernment uprisings took place in Deylam, Syria, and other regions. Harun continued the struggle that his predecessors had begun against Byzantium. He died during a military campaign undertaken to crush the Rafi ibn Leis Uprising in Middle Asia.

The idealized image of Harun popularized by the tales of A Thousand and One Nights has been proved false by the Soviet Orientalist V. V. Bartol’d.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Akhwandzada Chattan, while lauding and supporting Pakistan Army, strongly condemned the attack on house of former MNA Haroon al Rashid, maintaining that if he was guilty he should have been tried in court, instead of being subjected to bombardment.
Akhwandzada Chittan, while lauding and supporting Pakistan Army, strongly condemned the attack on house of former MNA Haroon al Rashid, maintaining that if he was guilty he should have been tried in court, instead of being subjected to bombardment.
Prathapan has complained to the chief justice of India's Supreme Court against the unfavourable remarks made by the high court judge, Haroon Al Rashid. The high court judge had remarked that the chief minister could not absolve himself from what happened in his office, implying that Chandy was indirectly responsible for acts like that of his former gunman, Salim Raj.
Announcing the decision, Justice Haroon Al Rashid rapped the chief minister (CM), pointing out that the chief minister's office ought to be a model office and that the CM was responsible for what happened in his office.