Harun al-Rashid

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Harun al-Rashid

?763--809 ad, Abbasid caliph of Islam (786--809), whose court at Baghdad was idealized in the Arabian Nights
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Harun al-Rashid


Born February 766 in Ray; died Mar. 24, 809, in Tus. Caliph from 786. Member of the Abbasid dynasty.

Harun came to power with the aid of the Barmecide family, which represented the interests of the Iranian feudal aristocracy. Until the fall of the Barmecides in 803, the family provided Ha-run’s viziers and largely controlled the affairs of the caliphate. From 803 he ruled alone.

Under Harun the Baghdad Caliphate made great progress in agriculture, crafts, trade, and the arts, especially literature. At the same time, however, signs of the decline of the caliphate appeared: antigovernment uprisings took place in Deylam, Syria, and other regions. Harun continued the struggle that his predecessors had begun against Byzantium. He died during a military campaign undertaken to crush the Rafi ibn Leis Uprising in Middle Asia.

The idealized image of Harun popularized by the tales of A Thousand and One Nights has been proved false by the Soviet Orientalist V. V. Bartol’d.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Zubaydah married the fifth Abbasid caliph, Haroun Al-Rashid. She lived for another 32 years after the death of her husband, and died in 831 AD.
She gave the example of Haroun al-Rashid, the third caliph or head of state of the Islamic Abbasid Empire, is rumored to have had some 2,000 concubines.
The author states in the appendix, "About the Names in this Book," that Haroun and Rashid are "named after the legendary Caliph of Baghdad, Haroun al-Rashid, who features in many Arabian Nights tales.
Hataman and Vice Governor Haroun Al-Rashid Lucman Jr.
Haroun Al-Rashid Lucman urged Task Force Bangon Marawi to study the potential impact of dumping the debris for reclamation in Lake Lanao, from which the Meranaw people of the Lanao provinces take their name.
Haroun Al-Rashid Lucman said the fund was apart from the money that the regional government had spent for the continuing relief operations for Marawi's 260,000 displaced residents since May 23.
To justify her claim, Mutairi cites an 8th century Muslim leader Haroun al-Rashid, who is rumoured to have had 2,000 mistresses.
Mizrachi likes these visits, which allow him to take the measure of matters without restriction, even if he isn't Haroun al-Rashid (who, according to legend, liked to move incognito among his subjects in Baghdad).
MILF Chair Murad Ebrahim, Vice Chair Mohagher Iqbal and Chief of Staff Sammy Gambar, and MNLF faction chair Muslimin Sema were joined by Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) Governor Mujiv Hataman, Vice Governor Haroun Al-Rashid Lucman and some members of the Duterte Cabinet in delivering messages, persuading local voters to approve the proposal that will create the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM).
Haroun Al-Rashid Lucman, a senior member of RPOC, urged elected officials in Sulu to help secure public school teachers from the Abu Sayyaf.