Harper, Stephen,1959–, prime minister (2006–15) of Canada. A founding member of the conservative Reform party (later the Canadian AllianceCanadian Alliance,
former Canadian political party that had its origins in the Reform party of Canada, which was founded in 1987 in Winnipeg, Man., as a W Canada–based conservative alternative to the Progressive Conservative party.
..... Click the link for more information. ), he won a seat in the federal parliament in 1993, but broke with party leader Preston ManningManning, Preston,
1942–, Canadian political leader. Although he is the son of Ernest C. Manning, a leader of the Social Credit party who was premier of Alberta for 25 years, Preston Manning headed a management consulting firm for many years before he entered Canadian
..... Click the link for more information. four years later and left parliament to head the conservative National Citizens Coalition. In 2002 he was elected Canadian Alliance party leader and subsequently won election to parliament. With Progressive Conservative leader Peter MacKayMacKay, Peter Gordon
, 1966–, Canadian politician, b. New Glasgow, N.S. A lawyer who briefly worked (1992–93) in Germany, MacKay returned to his native Nova Scotia in 1993 and became a crown attorney.
..... Click the link for more information. he negotiated the merger of their two parties to form the Conservative party of Canada. Harper was elected leader of the new party, which failed to best the Liberals in the 2004 elections. In 2006, however, the Conservatives won a plurality of the seats, and Harper became prime minister of a minority government. New elections in 2008 increased the Conservative plurality. Harper's government remained in power until Mar., 2011, when it lost a confidence vote. He secured a majority in the subsequent elections, but in the 2015 parliamentary elections he and his party lost to the Liberals, and Harper resigned as party leader. In 2016 he resigned his seat and went into private consulting.