Harpers Ferry


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See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Harpers Ferry,

town (1990 pop. 308), Jefferson co., easternmost W Va., at the confluence of the Shenandoah and Potomac rivers; inc. 1763. The town is a tourist attraction, known for its history and its scenic beauty. John BrownBrown, John,
1800–1859, American abolitionist, b. Torrington, Conn. He spent his boyhood in Ohio. Before he became prominent in the 1850s, his life had been a succession of business failures in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, and New York.
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's seizure of the U.S. arsenal there on Oct. 16, 1859, and the town's subsequent strategic importance during the Civil War, when it was considered the key to the Shenandoah valleyShenandoah valley,
part of the Great Valley of the Appalachians, c.150 mi (240 km) long, N Va., located between the Blue Ridge and the Allegheny mts. The valley is divided into two parts by Massanutten Mt., a ridge c.45 mi (70 km) long and c.3,000 ft (915 m) high.
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, brought it into national prominence. In 1747, Robert Harper, a millwright, established a ferry at the junction of the two rivers—hence the town's name. The U.S. arsenal was located there in 1796, and by the mid-19th cent., Harpers Ferry was an important arms-producing center, with mills, numerous gun factories, and huge stores of weapons and ammunition. The development of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and of the Baltimore & Ohio RR increased its importance, making it a transportation link between the Ohio valley and the East. During the Civil War it was primarily held by Union soldiers but changed hands a number of times. Its industrial plant was repeatedly destroyed by troops of both sides. Harpers Ferry never recovered economically, and a series of devastating floods in the late 19th cent. ended all hopes for revival. Despite continued flooding during the 20th cent., many old buildings remain. Of interest are the fire engine house in which John Brown was captured; the John Brown Museum; and the old steps, hand-carved (early 1800s) into the natural stone, which lead to Robert Harper's house (1775–82) and to Jefferson Rock. The Harpers Ferry National Historical Park (est. 1963; 2,343 acres/949 hectares) attracts many visitors (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
, table).

Harpers Ferry

scene of Brown’s aborted slave uprising. [Am. Hist.: John Jameson, 220]
References in periodicals archive ?
The latest incarnation resulted in a series of video podcasts produced by Harpers Ferry Middle School students, focusing on the 150th anniversary of John Brown's ill-fated revolt--the spark that lit the fuse of the Civil War.
The John Brown Bell, considered the second most important bell in the country, next to the Liberty Bell, hung in the firehouse at the federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, W.
Ambassador to Bolivar and Harpers Ferry, will lead the hike, along with longtime Harpers Ferry Park rangers and historians David Fox and Guinevere Roper.
357 from Harpers Ferry Armory weighs much less than half that--20 ounces.
38, coming from "Isaac Smith," John Brown's alias while he was spying out the original Harpers Ferry before conducting his famous assault.
These words, which greet visitors entering the John Brown Museum at Harpers Ferry National Historical Park in West Virginia, serve as a reminder of the complicated legacy of the man whose dedication to ending slavery led him to raid a federal armory here.
Rosie the Riveter WWII Home Front National Historical Park, Harpers Ferry Center, National Park Service
Quiz of the Day ANSWERS: 1 The rubber tree; 2 Cygnus; 3 A picture of a subject with the light source behind it; 4 Denmark; 5 Nickel and chrome; 6 The News of the World; 7 Sticky Fingers Cafe; 8 Alec Stewart; 9 The Cutty Sark; 10 He led the Harpers Ferry raid in the cause of abolishing slavery in the United States.
Tick drags in the National Parks of Harpers Ferry and New River Gorge were conducted this past spring.
I cannot remember which of us suggested it, but we convinced David to just do one of his signature interpretive programs from his time as an interpreter at Harpers Ferry.