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see Indus valley civilizationIndus valley civilization,
ancient civilization that arose about 3300 B.C. in the valley of the Indus River and its tributaries, in the northwestern portion of the Indian subcontinent, i.e., present-day Pakistan, and was at its height from about 2600 B.C. to about 1900 B.C.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the ruins of one of the chief centers of the Harappan civilization, located near an old bed of the Ravi River, near Multan, Pakistan. The ruins were discovered by R. Sahni in 1921 and subsequently investigated by M. S. Vats, M. Wheeler, and G. F. Dales. The settlement occupied an area of more than 260 hectares and consisted of a citadel and the lower city. The lower city, laid out according to a well-defined plan, was divided into various quarters and separate production complexes, the latter including granaries, round grain-pounding platforms, and a foundry. Other objects of material culture found at Harappa are characteristic of all the settlements of the Harappan civilization.


Vats, M. S. Excavations at Harappa, vols. 1–2. Delhi, 1940.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


an ancient city in the Punjab in NW Pakistan: one of the centres of the Indus civilization that flourished from 2500 to 1700 bc; probably destroyed by Indo-European invaders
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The sculpture of the Priest King of Harrapa, whose left shoulder is covered with some kind of drape, suggests the origin of dupatta.
I visited Mohenjodaro and Harrapa which were ancient towns developed by the Indus Valley Civilisation.
History only begins in the seventh century after the advent of Islam and the Muslim invasion of Sind shortly afterwards; the impressive and pre-islamic civilisations of Moenjodaro, Harrapa and Taxila are hastily brushed over or altogether ignored.
The Harrapa police say Arif had helped his nephew marry Fatima.
These criminals were wanted in several cases of drug dealings and car theft, they used to lift cars and then sell them in KPK and Harrapa.
CHICHAWATNI: A woman died while her husband was seriously injured when a vehicle hit a motorcycle hereon Sunday.Police said that a speeding vehicle knocked down a motorcycle carrying a couple near Harrapa in Chichawatni.
In another accident, a speeding truck hit a bike near harrapa, as a result, Mohammad Ishaque and his dauther Rukhsana were killed on the spot, while Rukhsana's husband Sarwar and her five year old daughter sustained injuries.
In this research the Indus games with special reference to Harrapa and Mohenjo-Daro will identify the issues which are still unresolved such as manufacturing techniques of gaming objects, receiving the concept of playing games, application of games in Indus society, social norms, culture, tradition and psychology of people playing the games.
Its main attractions include adventure tourism in the northern areas, cultural and archaeological tourism as found in Monenjodaro, Taxila, Harrapa, Rani Fort and early Muslims (Mughal) heritages at Thatta, Multan, Lahore, Peshawar, and Swat.
SAHIWAL -- A three-year-old boy is feared drowned while three acres were eroded on Saturday when a sudden strong current in the River Ravi struck Mauza Murad Dallo near Harrapa. More than 150 villagers have shifted to safer places because of the rising water level in the river.
International, M/s Aslam Cotton (G and P) Factory, M/s Ayaz Textile Mills, M/s Aziz Spinning Mills, M/s Bolan Beverages, M/s Continental Beverages, M/s Continental Rice Mills, M/s Dascon, M/s Fabritex Industries, M/s Farooq Ahmed Cotton Mills, M/s Ghulam Mohammad Dossul and Company, Golden Valley Trading (Adamjee Group), M/s Harrapa Textile Mills, M/s Ibex Textile Mills, M/s Industrial Sacks, M/s Ink Chemicals, M/s Iram Textile Mills, M/s Jam Sher Ali Khan, M/s Kaisar Arts and Krafts, M/s Kakasian Feeds, M/s Kakasian Oil, M/s Kakasian Packages, M/s Karim Cotton Mills, M/s Karim Silk Mills, M/s Kashif Steel Industries, M/s Kassam Sons, M/s Dhedi Ind.
According to police, a motorcycle rikshaw was carrying commuters when it collided with a rashly driven car near Harrapa, Nai Wala Bypass Road.