Harriet Ross Tubman

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tubman, Harriet Ross


Born circa 1820, in Bucktown, Md.; died Mar. 10, 1913, in Auburn, N.Y. Opponent of Negro slavery in the USA; a heroine of the Negro people. Daughter of a slave.

After escaping from slavery (c. 1849), Tubman joined the abolitionist movement (seeABOLITIONISM). During the 1850’s, she was active in the Underground Railroad; she made 19 trips to the slaveholding South and personally freed 300 slaves. Tubman was a scout and nurse in the Union Army during the Civil War, and in the summer of 1863 she participated in a campaign to free 750 slaves. After the war, Tubman continued her fight against the oppression of Negroes and campaigned for equal rights for women.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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