Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


W(illiam) Averell. 1891--1986, US diplomat: negotiated the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty with the Soviet Union (1963); governor of New York (1955--58)



a financial group in the USA. Its founder, Edward Henry Harriman (1848-1909), founded Harriman and Company, a bank and stock-market firm, in 1872. By 1909 he had taken control of major railroads. He left a fortune estimated as high as $600 million. His sons, W. A. (Averell) Harriman and E. R. Harriman, established control over large industrial and banking corporations and doubled the fortune they had inherited from their father. In 1911 they founded the bank Harriman Brothers and Company, which, after merging with another large New York bank, was renamed Brown Brothers Harriman and Company in 1931. After World War I (1914-18) they concluded an agreement with the Hamburg-American Line, a large German shipping line, bought up the stock of Austria’s largest bank, and began to mine a deposit of nonferrous metals in Poland.

During World War II (1939-45) the Harriman financial group was further consolidated, and close ties were established with the First National City Bank of New York, Morgan Guaranty Trust, and other New York and Chicago financial groups. Together with them, the Harrimans control a number of major American corporations, in which they own the controlling blocks of shares and hold directorial positions. According to 1965 data, the Harriman group controlled assets exceeding $5 billion, of which $1.8 billion was in banking and $3.3 billion in industry and transportation.


Perlo, V. Imperiia finansovykh magnatov. Moscow, 1958. (Translated from English.)
Men’shikov, S. M. Millionery i menedzhery. Moscow, 1965.
Zorin, V. S. Nekoronovannye koroli Ameriki, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
The new homes in New York and Los Angeles in partnership with Harriman Capital will bring 145 new co-living bedrooms online.
Background: Starting in 2010, Harriman served as the policy and special projects director at the Arkansas De partment of Education, managing the "No Kid Hungry" campaign, New Tech Network High Schools, UTeach teacher preparation program and other initiatives.
The LaPlace and Harriman facilities are leading producers of light structural shapes and merchant bar quality products.
But when a long ball wasn't dealt with, Harriman again made the most of generous defending to fire in.
Luton gave themselves hope after 74 minutes when Harriman headed home from close range.
She leaves her son, Mark Harriman and his wife, Eve, of Leominster; her daughter, Judy Harriman, also of Leominster; two grandchildren, Olivia Harriman and Dawson Harriman; a brother, Joseph Wheeler of Florida; a sister, Shirley Hines, of Franklin; many nieces and nephews; among her relatives are Jeff Harriman and Sharon Rainville of Berlin.
Costigliola suggests that when Stalin said that ideology did not matter in foreign affairs and that the West and the Soviets could find common ground, Harriman was foolish not to take him seriously (395-396).
Fighting from the blue corner, Harriman battled the entire three rounds to subdue Hussain Mollamahdi of Iran in one of the six Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) bouts, while Mounir was swift in disposing of his Filipino opponent Atan Canlubo by knockout in the Thai Boxing fight.
Linda Fowler, prosecuting, said that Mr Harriman had been called to Marlington Drive in Brackenhall to pick up a fare.
As a program partner, Harriman is authorized to work with clients to develop comprehensive energy reduction plans for existing commercial, industrial and institutional buildings.
A powerful driving maul sent Harriman over the try-line to score and stretch his sides lead.
By the time Don Ghiata took his turn at the helm of the Harriman, it was hardly in its heyday.