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city (1990 pop. 52,376), state capital and seat of Dauphin co., SE Pa., on the Susquehanna River; settled c.1710 by John Harris, who established a trading post and operated a ferry there; inc. 1791. It is a commercial, wholesale, administrative, and transportation center. Manufactures include metal products, transportation equipment, processed foods, machinery, electrical and electronic equipment, building materials, and steel. Harrisburg became the state capital in 1812 and grew as an inland transportation center with the opening of the Pennsylvania Canal in 1827 and the arrival of the railroad in 1836.

The sprawling Italian Renaissance state capitol (completed 1906) has a 272-ft (83-m) dome modeled after St. Peter's in Rome. Other notable structures are the education building, which contains the state library; the State Museum of Pennsylvania; the National Civil War Museum; the William Penn Memorial Museum; the John Harris Mansion (1766), headquarters of the county historical society; and the Soldiers' and Sailors' Memorial Bridge. A medical center and Harrisburg Univ. of Science and Technology, campuses of Temple and Widener universities, and the Dixon Univ. Center are in Harrisburg; the Pennsylvania State Univ. Harrisburg campus is in nearby Middletown. The city has numerous parks. To the south is the large Three Mile IslandThree Mile Island,
site of a nuclear power plant 10 mi (16 km) south of Harrisburg, Pa. On Mar. 28, 1979, failure of the cooling system of the No. 2 nuclear reactor led to overheating and partial melting of its uranium core and production of hydrogen gas, which raised fears of
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 facility, site of a nuclear accident in 1979. The New Cumberland Army Depot, the U.S. Army War College, and the U.S. Naval Supply Depot are also nearby.

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a city in S Pennsylvania, on the Susquehanna River: the state capital. Pop.: 48 322 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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On Wednesday morning, in mild and sunny weather, thousands of people flocked to Harrisburg, about 15 miles north of Eugene, to watch the farming community's annual Fourth of July parade.
In 1981, after both the steel and dairy industries began suffering contraction, Harrisburg was named by one legal study the second-most-distressed city in the country.
Boards of Director Service: Greater Harrisburg Foundation--Finance & Administration Committee and Investment Advisory Committee; Susquehanna Art Museum
McKamey, 53, has been in the electrical business for most his life, having spent 15 years at Bethlehem Steel Corp's Steelton Plant in Harrisburg and also as an independent contractor.
is also shown as having been born in Harrisburg in 1856, and died there on October 26, 1908.
The company expects to produce 10,000 tons of shredded scrap per month at its 27-acre Harrisburg site, using feedstock that has for many years been shipped out of south central Pennsylvania for shredders in other regions.
Located on the east bank of the Susquehanna River, Harrisburg had functioned as a north-south river route since colonial times.

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