Harry Edmund Martinson

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Martinson, Harry Edmund


Born May 6, 1904, in Jamshog, Blekinge. Swedish writer, member of the Swedish Academy (1949).

Martinson is the son of a sailor and was himself a seaman. His first collection of verse was The Ghost Ship (1929). He was a member of the literary group known as the Five Youths, which proclaimed the principles of what was called primitivism. Characteristic of the collections Nature (1934), Trade Wind (1945), and Cicada (1953), written mainly in blank verse, is the striving for a philosophical understanding of nature. In the collection The Nomad (1931), books of travel accounts Aimless Journeys (1932) and Cape Farewell (1933), and the novel The Road (1948), he develops the Utopian idea of permanent vagrancy as the means for overcoming the evil of bourgeois civilization. He has published the autobiographical novels Flowering Nettle (1935; Russian translation, 1939) and The Way Out (1936). In the early 1940’s he developed a pessimistic view of technical progress, which in his opinion was endangering human existence (anti-utopian narrative poem Aniara, a Review of Man in Time and Space, 1956).


Dikter. Stockholm, 1961.
Utsikt fran en grästuva. Stockholm, 1963.
Dikter om ljus och mörker. Stockholm [1971].
In Russian translation:
“Svobodnoe voskresen’e.” In the collection Shvedskaia novella XIX-XX vv. Moscow, 1964.


Cederblad-Hansen, C. Tio kvdllar med Harry Martinson. Stockholm, 1957.
Wrede, J. Sangen om Aniara: Studier i Harry Martinsons tankevärld. Helsingfors, 1965.
Espmark, K. Harry Martinson erovrar sitt sprak. [Stockholm, 1970.]


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
With Harry Edmund Martinson he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1974.