Harry Truman

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Harry Truman: Dwight Eisenhower
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Truman, Harry


S. Born May 8, 1884, in Lamar, Mo.; died Dec. 26,1972, in Kansas City, Mo. US political figure.

The son of a farmer, Truman held a variety of jobs before embarking on a political career. He was a bank clerk, a farmer, and, after service in World War I, co-owner of a haberdashery. In 1926 he was elected presiding judge of a county court in Missouri, retaining that position until his election to the US Senate in 1934 as a member of the Democratic Party. He served in the Senate until 1944. In January 1945, Truman became vice-president of the USA. From April 1945, after the death of F. D. Roosevelt, to January 1953 he was president. As president, Truman in August 1945 ordered that the atomic bomb be dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

After World War II, Truman’s administration openly adopted an anti-Soviet policy aimed at the containment of the world revolutionary movement by means of the cold war and the consolidation of the USA’s role as leader of the international anticommu-nist forces. The administration also sought to ensure the USA’s dominant position in the imperialist system—through its policy of containment, enunciated in 1946, which led to the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and other aggressive blocs, and the unleashing of war in Korea.

Truman advocated demagogic domestic policies intended to serve the interests of the monopolies. Under his presidency, reactionary forces consistently assailed the progressive and democratic elements of American society, including the Communist Party. In the last years of his life, however, Truman became somewhat more realistic in his approach both to international problems, including Soviet-American relations, and to the domestic policies of the USA.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The US Navy's offensive group, led by the aircraft carrier Harry Truman, had chased the "Trident Juncture 2018" earlier, because of the weather conditions./ End
World War II was seven years in the past by the time the victor of the war in Europe, Dwight Eisenhower, succeeded Harry Truman in office.
Eddie Jacobson and Harry Truman first met when Eddie was 14 and worked as a stock boy at a shirt store while Harry then 20, worked as a bookkeeper at a nearby bank.
Harry Truman was not the first president to issue a lawless executive order and he quite obviously has not been the last.
The only modern president who rivaled Donald Trump in his lack of preparation for global leadership was Harry Truman. Both men took office with little knowledge of the international problems they were about to face, and with worries at home and abroad that they weren't up to the job.
Harry Truman captured the public's imagination by coming across as a proud loner defying government authorities.
It was the day most exemplified in modern history by the evil influence of money in determining elections and policies in the West; the day Israel was recognised within11 minutes by Harry Truman to appease New York Jews to support his election, given his horrific poll numbers.
When Harry Truman was the President of the USA he had a notice on his desk: "The buck stops here".
This was the race destined to put Adlai Stevenson, Paul Douglas, and Harry Truman into office, with Truman winning by a sliver.
Military historian Alexander analyzes the origins and consequences of the final confrontation between General Douglas MacArthur and President Harry Truman in the early 1950s.
I thank God for President Harry Truman. Even though I was not alive during the Truman administration, he is my favorite president.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Spending cuts of $85 billion this year will see the USS Harry Truman docked in Virginia due to the controversial budget battle that has pitted Obama against republicans in a fiscal showdown.