Harsha

(redirected from Harsa)

Harsha

(hûr`shə), b. c.590, Indian emperor (606–47). He became (606) king of a small state in the upper Ganges Valley, and by 612 he had built up a vast army with which he forged nearly all India N of the Narmada River into an empire. An extremely able military leader, his only defeat was at the hands of the Chalukyas, when he attempted (c.620) to invade the Deccan. His capital at Kanauj was an artistic and literary center, and Harsha himself was a distinguished poet and dramatist. A Hindu early in life, Harsha later became a devout Buddhist and forbade the killing of animals in his realm. He built innumerable stupas, established many monasteries, and founded several state hospitals. His great Buddhist convocation at Kanauj (643) was reputedly attended by 20 kings and thousands of pilgrims. The life and times of Harsha are described in the Harsha-charita, a flowery work by Bana, the court poet, and in the Si-yu-ki [records of the Western world] written by the Chinese pilgrim Hsüan-tsang. After Harsha's death, N India relapsed into anarchy.

Bibliography

See R. K. Mookerji, Harsha (1926); studies by D. Devahuti (1970) and B. Sharma (1970).


Harsha

(här`shə), in the Bible, family that returned from the Exile.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Harsha

 

(also Harshavardhana). North Indian ruler (606–c. 647). Member of the Pushyabhuti dynasty.

By inheritance Harsha ruled lands in the upper Ganges-Yamuna Doab, in eastern Punjab, and in eastern Rajputana. His initial capital was Sthaneswara (Thaneswar). Harsha captured the lands the Bengali ruler Sasanka and the Guptas of Malwa had seized in the Maukhari state in the central Ganges valley. He combined the domains of the Maukharis with his kingdom and made Kanauj his capital. He conquered part of Malwa and undertook a campaign against the Deccan, but he was defeated on the Namrada River circa 612. By 643 he had conquered Bengal and Orissa.

A typical military feudal state, Harsha’s empire consisted of a large number of tributary kingdoms; it disintegrated after the death of its founder.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to ACE circle officer Shahid Inyat Bhatti, a team retrieved the land at Harsa Noshera village from illegal occupation of Malik Muhammad Shafi and Malik Perveez, close relatives of PML-N MNA Muhammad Afzal Khokhar and MPA Saiful Malook, already under the cloud for alleged land grab in Lahore.
Francis High School needs a leader who is poised to take our school to an exciting new level," said Sue Harsa, a director who served on the search committee.
It pointed out that four rocket shells landed in Harsa residential suburb, in Damascus countryside, and five others in Al-Sayyida Zaynab area, injuring nine civilians and causing massive material losses to the locals' houses and proerties.
So, too, does reference to Muslim learning as corrupting of political rulers (e.g., JRT 590-94, including and especially Ps-JRT B747), sometimes leading them toward an intolerance explicitly said to be traceable to the corrupting influence of Harsa, a Turuska who imported barbarism and iconoclasm to the Valley (JRT 597-600).
It should be mentioned that eight members of a family died on the spot and several others were wounded in collision between Mandi Bahauddin bound passenger bus and an over speeding dumper at Lahore Road in Harsa Sheikh area of Chiniot on Saturday night.
Maybery MT, Clissa PJ, Parmentier FBR, Leung D, Harsa G, Fox AM, et al.
The Chief Minister expressed these views while inspecting protective embankment at Harsa Sheikh, Chiniot, visit to flood affected areas and talking to the affectees today.
1128 - 1149) of the Second Lohara Dynasty the two Buddha images, which hitherto had survived Harsa's demolition campaigns, were demolished and Buddha Vihara in Arigon, near Srinagar was burned down.