Hart, Doris

Hart, Doris,

1925–2015, American tennis player, b. St. Louis, Mo. One of the outstanding tennis stars of the 1950s, Hart won her first Grand Slam title in women's doubles at Wimbledon in 1947 and from then until 1955 she won 35 Grand Slam titles, 6 in women's singles, 14 in women's doubles, and 15 in mixed doubles. In 1951 she won all three events at Wimbledon; she later did the same at the French (1952) and U.S. (1954) championships. She, Margaret Smith CourtCourt, Margaret Smith,
1942–, Australian tennis player. Playing tennis from age eight, she rose to prominence in the early 1960s. Ranked first in world standings six times beginning in 1962, she retired in 1966, but returned to the game in 1968, and in 1970 became the
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, and Martina NavratilovaNavratilova, Martina
, 1956–, Czech-American tennis player, b. Prague. After holding the Czech singles title (1972–74), she defected (1975) to the United States.
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 are the only female professional tennis players to win the three events at all four Grand Slam tournaments. In 10 Wrightman Cup competitions (1946–55), Hart won 14 matches and lost none in singles matches and won eight and lost one in doubles contests.


See her autobiography, Tennis with Hart (1955).

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Hart, Doris

(1925–  ) tennis player; born in St. Louis, Mo. She won six Grand Slam tournaments between 1949 and 1955, including the French and U.S. twice, and the Australian and Wimbledon once each.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.