Hart Crane

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Crane, Hart

(Harold Hart Crane), 1899–1932, American poet, b. Garrettsville, Ohio. He published only two volumes of poetry during his lifetime, but those works established Crane as one of the most original and vital American poets of the 20th cent. His extraordinarily complex, visionary, and sonorous poetry, with its rich imagery, verbal ingenuity, frequent obscurity, and meticulous craftsmanship, combines ecstatic optimism with a sense of haunted alienation. White Buildings (1926), his first collection of poems, was inspired by his experience of New York City, where he had gone to live at the age of 17. His most ambitious work is The Bridge (1930), a series of closely related long poems on the United States in which the Brooklyn Bridge serves as a mystical unifying symbol of civilization's evolution.

Crane's personal life was anguished and turbulent. After an unhappy childhood during which he was torn between estranged parents, he held a variety of uninteresting jobs, always, however, returning to New York City and his writing. An alcoholic and a homosexual, he was constantly plagued by money problems and was often a severe trial to friends who tried to help him. In 1931 he won a Guggenheim Fellowship and went to Mexico to work on a long poem about Latin America; a year later, returning by ship to the United States, the poem not even started, he jumped overboard and drowned. His collected poems were published in 1933.


See Hart Crane: Complete Poems and Selected Letters (2006), ed. by L. Hammer; letters ed. by T. S. W. Lewis (1974); O My Land, My Friends (1997), selected letters, ed. by L. Hammer and B. Weber; The Correspondence between Hart Crane and Waldo Frank (1998), ed. by S. H. Cook; biographies by P. Horton (new ed. 1957), J. Unterecker (1969, repr. 1987), P. Mariani (1999), and C. Fisher (2002); studies by R. W. B. Lewis (1967), M. D. Uroff (1974), R. Combs (1978), D. R. Clark, ed. (1982), A. Trachtenberg, ed. (1982), H. Bloom, ed. (1986), M. F. Bennett (1987), W. Berthoff (1989), T. E. Yingling (1990), B. Reed (2006), G. A. Tapper (2006), and J. T. Irwin (2011).

Crane, (Harold) Hart

(1899–1932) poet; born in Garrettsville, Ohio. Educated in Cleveland, Ohio, he worked in a shipyard, at his father's drug store, and in advertising before moving to New York City (1923) where he worked briefly for a publishing firm. He is known for his visionary and symbolic poetry, as in The Bridge (1930). He led a dissolute life and traveled widely; returning from a trip to Mexico (1931–32), he apparently jumped off the ship and drowned.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hart Crane Papers, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University, New York, NY.
My dear Hart Crane," Ridge writes the 20-year-old in April 1919: "We will print one perhaps two of the three poems you submitted though I cannot use them this month--or even say just when they will appear.
With Hart Crane we are dealing with one of the most learned authors in world literature, a genuine autodidact.
5) While I have explored some thematic and biographical links between Thomas Wolfe and Hart Crane in detail and only gestured toward other possibilities for inquiry, I am convinced that further juxtaposition and analysis of these two authors will prove productive in the understanding of their writings, as well as in understanding the larger context of twentieth-century American literary history.
Harry Kiakis offers up another excerpt from his diary, while Katy Masuga examines Miller's spiritual and literary connections with Walt Whitman and Hart Crane, and Randy Chase reveals exciting new discoveries about June Miller.
Told almost entirely in an insistent second-person voice that mixes Martin's own with the ruminations of his characters, Your Body Figured traces through three parts of the lives of three well-known artistic figures on the cusp of transition: Balthus, metamorphosing from his youth into maturity; and, from their maturity to their respective deaths, Hart Crane and George Dyer, Francis Bacon's longtime lover and model.
Schultz follows its presence perceptively in some figures of major, or disputed, standing: the little-known last poems of Hart Crane, that attempt to break away from his emphatic earlier lyricism (Chapter 1), 'Laura Riding's Essentialism' (Chapter 2), the disregarded poems of Gertrude Stein (Chapter 3), and 'John Ashbery's Critique of Harold Bloom' (Chapter 4).
Part of the Bloom's Literary Criticism 20th Anniversary Collection series, Poets and Poems gathers the twenty years' of literary criticism expertise of Harold Bloom (Sterling Professor of the Humanities at Yale University) into a single omnibus dedicates to scrutinizing some of the greatest known poets, including Emily Dickinson, Walt Whitman, Hart Crane, William Shakespeare, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Butler Yeats, and many others.
Barbarese explains in his book, the title derives from a Hart Crane anecdote.
He is also alert to the presence of Lorca, down by the watermelons, as in "The Bridge" Hart Crane wonders why he always meets Poe in the New York subway.
Entries cover major individuals who have influenced Williams's personal, professional, or artistic life, from former lovers like Kip Kiernan and Pancho Rodriguez y Gonzales, to theatre personalities like Elia Kazan and Audrey Wood, to finally literary figures like Hart Crane and Clifford Odets.
A scholar on the work of Hart Crane, he also published essays on T.