Hartal


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hartal

 

in India, the cessation of all business activity as a sign of protest. During the national liberation movement in India the hartal took the form of a general strike involving workers, the urban middle classes, merchants, students, and schoolchildren. The hartal may include meetings and protest demonstrations. From 1918 to 1947 it was a fundamental tactic in the National Congress’ campaign of noncooperation with the colonial authorities. Since India achieved independence in 1947, the hartal has sometimes been used by various political parties as a method of political struggle.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
We were successful because we could turn the city of Colombo into a hartal day today," MP Nanayakkara said.
Thiruvananthapuram: Kerala began 2019 with high hopes that frequent shutdowns called 'hartals' will be given a goodbye in the New Year, but many parts of the state ironically witnessed traffic snarls and business disruptions as crowds gathered for constructing a symbolic wall on New Year's day.
Hartal (2017) asserted that much of the current debates on safe spaces are influenced by this body of knowledge.
Thiruvananthapuram: Exasperated by the numerous hartals (strikes) that frequently bring Kerala to a standstill, a village in the state's hilly Idukki district has decided not to cooperate anymore with those who call for shutdowns.
During the statewide hartal called to protest the developments in Sabarimala, violence was reported from different places.
"All district police chiefs to take all necessary actions to ensure normal life of people in the background of hartal called by some organisations.
On Sunday, a hartal (shutdown strike) was held in Pathanamthitta district, protesting the police action against those who had marched to the residence of A.
Demanding the release of the Tamil Poltical Prisoners, a full Hartal is being now on in the North and East of Sri Lanka, Asian Tribune learns.
The protesters called for a hartal (shutdown strike) in Punalur on Wednesday, leading to many commercial establishments being shut.
The Congress alleges that Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI-M) is behind the murder and has called for a day-long 'hartal' in the district.
But now it was too late because the hartal was to start the next morning.
THE Congress on Wednesday upbraided the sports ministry and the federation for creating a situation where hockey players were forced to resort to a hartal , threatening the country's preparations for the World Cup.