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city (1990 pop. 139,739), state capital, Hartford co., central Conn., on the west bank of the Connecticut River; settled as Newtown 1635–36 on the site of a Dutch trading post (1633; abandoned 1654), inc. 1784. The second largest city in the state, it is a port of entry. Hartford was long world famous as an insurance center. Its insurance business began in 1794, and the area was once home to the headquarters of more than 35 insurance companies. Mergers and downsizing during the late 20th cent., however, greatly lessened the insurance industry's importance. Manufactures include precision instruments, computers, transportation equipment, firearms, and electrical equipment.

One of the earliest and strongest colonial centers, Hartford and two other towns formed (1639) the Connecticut Colony, adopting the Fundamental OrdersFundamental Orders,
in U.S. history, the basic law of the Connecticut colony from 1639 to 1662, formally adopted (Jan. 14, 1639) by representatives from the towns of Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor, meeting at Hartford.
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. From 1701 to 1875 it was joint capital with New Haven. It was an important military supply depot during the American Revolution, and in 1814–15, it hosted the Hartford ConventionHartford Convention,
Dec. 15, 1814–Jan. 4, 1815, meeting to consider the problems of New England in the War of 1812; held at Hartford, Conn. Prior to the war, New England Federalists (see Federalist party) had opposed the Embargo Act of 1807 and other government measures;
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. The Hartford Courant, founded in 1764, is one of the country's oldest newspapers.

Landmarks include the old statehouse (1796; designed by Charles Bulfinch), where the Hartford Convention met; the site of the Charter OakCharter Oak,
white oak tree that until 1856 stood in Hartford, Conn., and was thought to be 1,000 years old. There is a tradition that when Sir Edmund Andros, as governor-general of New England, demanded (1687) that the charter of Connecticut be surrendered by the colonists at
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; the capitol (completed 1878; designed by Richard M. Upjohn); and the famous Travelers Insurance tower. Hartford has a noted art museum (the Wadsworth Atheneum), a symphony orchestra, and opera and ballet companies. The Connecticut state library includes the Colt collection of firearms. Other attractions are the Harriet Beecher Stowe House (1871), where Stowe lived from 1873 to 1896, and the Mark Twain House (1873–74). Noah Webster, John Fiske, and the elder J. P. Morgan were born in Hartford; the theologian Horace Bushnell, the author Charles Dudley Warner, and the poet Wallace Stevens lived there. The city's many parks include Elizabeth Park, scene of an annual rose festival, and Colt Park. Among Hartford's institutions of higher education are Trinity College, the Univ. of Hartford, Hartford College for Women, and a branch of the Univ. of Connecticut and its schools of law and social work. There is also the American School for the Deaf and the Connecticut Institute for the Blind.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in the northeastern USA; capital of the state of Connecticut. Population, 147,000 (1975; including suburbs, 725,000).

A port on the Connecticut River, Hartford was founded in 1633. Its industry employs 90,000 persons (1974), 80 percent of whom work in machine building and metalworking. The city manufactures machine tools, industrial equipment, instruments, aircraft engines, typewriters and calculators, and firearms. Hartford has a university.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a port in central Connecticut, on the Connecticut River: the state capital. Pop.: 124 387 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Patricia McCoy, professor of law, University of Connecticut School of Law, Hartford, Connecticut
Peripheral commentary explains Twain's family life, his involvement with the Civil War, friendship with Helen Keller, construction of a home in Hartford, Connecticut, and his connection with a neighbor, author Harriet Beecher Stowe.
1889 -- The coin-operated phone was patented in the USA by William Gray of Hartford, Connecticut. 1910 -- Death of Florence Nightingale, the `Lady With TheLamp' during the Crimean War.
* Connecticut Department of Public Health, Hartford, Connecticut, USA; ([dagger]) Morristown Memorial Hospital, Morristown, New Jersey, USA; and ([double dagger]) Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA
"Happiness Follows Us Like a Shadow," the exhibition at New Langton Arts, documented fourteen of Fletcher's public-art and alternative-space projects such as "Now It's a Party" at Real Art Ways in Hartford, Connecticut, "The Sound We Make Together" at Diverse Works in Houston, and "Everyday Sunshine" at the Portland Institute of Contemporary Art.
The fact that the film is set in Hartford, Connecticut, suggests that its concerns lie not with the overt racial hatred often associated with the contemporary white South, but with subtler forms of prejudice, perhaps even with a disjunction between liberal rhetoric and lived reality more redolent of America since the Civil Rights Acts.
TREMONT REALTY CAPITAL, BOSTON, ARRANGED $20 million in financing for the refinance of a 196,726-square-foot Home Depot, through its Hartford, Connecticut, office.
She directs the White Mountain Summer Dance Festival and produces a week of dance events in Hartford, Connecticut, each year in honor of her late husband, Ted Hershey.
They were behind it from the beginning," says Mike Cormier, who manages Adam's Super Food IGA in West Hartford, Connecticut. Adam's Super Food raised more than $6,000 for the campaign.
Travelers Property Casualty, based in Hartford, Connecticut, has launched the Advanced Technology Program, which provides a variety of technology protection coverages.
Residents of Hartford, Connecticut, use a noise ordinance to bust an ice cream man charged with playing "Turkey in the Straw" too loudly and too late at night.

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