Otto Erich Hartleben

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Hartleben, Otto Erich


Born June 3, 1864, in Clausthal; died Feb. 11, 1905, in Salò. German writer; a lawyer by education.

Hartleben’s dramas and prose works are influenced by naturalism and exhibit tendencies toward critical realism; these qualities are evident in the tetralogy The Liberated (1899; Russian translation, 1904), which concerns the position of women in bourgeois society, and in the play Love’s Carnival (1900; Russian translation under the title For the Honor of a Full Dress Coat, 1905), which re-creates the daily life and inner world of the Prussian officer class. In The Story of the Torn Off Button (1893) and in his comedies, Hartleben depicted German philistinism with irony and sarcasm.


Ausgewählte Werke, vols. 1–3. Berlin, 1920.
In Russian translation:
Vlechenie. Moscow, 1905.
In the collection Iz novoi nemetskoi liriki. Berlin, 1921.


Klement, A. von. Die Bücher von O. E. Hartleben: Eine Bibliographie. Salò, 1951.
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Originating in an international literary and musicological congress on Pierrot lunaire held at the Katholieke Universtiteit Leuven--in Giraud's home town--this trilingual volume presents the work of German, British, French, American, and Belgian scholars on topics ranging from Pierrot's theatrical and literary antecedents, to the intertextual relationships among Giraud, Hartleben, and Schoenberg's versions, to Pierrot's translation, transmission, and reception.