Hartmann, Carl Sadakichi

Hartmann, Carl Sadakichi

(?1867–1944) writer, art critic; born in Nagasaki, Japan. His Japanese mother died shortly after his birth, and he was brought up by his uncle in Hamburg, Germany. He emigrated to Philadelphia (1882), became Walt Whitman's assistant (1884–85), then returned to Europe, where, among other activities, he was associated with Mallarmé. He became an American citizen in 1894, and settled in California. Known as the "King of Bohemia," he sired many children by various women, and died in poverty. He wrote a number of free-verse plays, poetry, and art criticism.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.