Hartree Units

Hartree units

[′här·trē ‚yü·nəts]
(atomic physics)
A system of units in which the unit of angular momentum is Planck's constant divided by 2π, the unit of mass is the mass of the electron, and the unit of charge is the charge of the electron. Also known as atomic units.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hartree Units


(also atomic units), a natural system of units in which the following fundamental physical constants are set equal to unity: the charge e and mass me of the electron (e = 1.6021892 × 10–19 coulombs and me = 0.9109534 × 10–30 kg), the Bohr radius a0 = 0.52917706 × 10–10 m, and Planck’s constant ħ = h/2π = 1.0545887 ×, 10–34 joules-sec. In other words, a0 is taken as the unit of length, me is taken as the unit of mass, and the unit of time is approximately equal to 2.419 × 10–17 sec. The use of Hartree units makes it possible to simplify the equations of quantum mechanics. The units were proposed by the English physicist D. Hartree in 1928.


Dolinskii, E. F., and B. I. Pilipchuk. “Estestvennye sistemy edinits.” In Entsiklopediia izmerenii, kontrolia i avtomatiki (EIKA), fase. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965. Pages 3–8.
Burdun, G. D. Spravochnik po mezhdunarodnoi sisteme edinits. Moscow, 1971. Page 195.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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For easier comparison the bonding energies are given in hartree units (2623 kJ x [mole.sup.-1]).