Harun al-Rashid

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Harun al-Rashid

?763--809 ad, Abbasid caliph of Islam (786--809), whose court at Baghdad was idealized in the Arabian Nights
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Harun al-Rashid

 

Born February 766 in Ray; died Mar. 24, 809, in Tus. Caliph from 786. Member of the Abbasid dynasty.

Harun came to power with the aid of the Barmecide family, which represented the interests of the Iranian feudal aristocracy. Until the fall of the Barmecides in 803, the family provided Ha-run’s viziers and largely controlled the affairs of the caliphate. From 803 he ruled alone.

Under Harun the Baghdad Caliphate made great progress in agriculture, crafts, trade, and the arts, especially literature. At the same time, however, signs of the decline of the caliphate appeared: antigovernment uprisings took place in Deylam, Syria, and other regions. Harun continued the struggle that his predecessors had begun against Byzantium. He died during a military campaign undertaken to crush the Rafi ibn Leis Uprising in Middle Asia.

The idealized image of Harun popularized by the tales of A Thousand and One Nights has been proved false by the Soviet Orientalist V. V. Bartol’d.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Harun Rashid, former co-founder of Muslim Enterpreneur Network Image Credit: Supplied
New Delhi [India], Apr 6 ( ANI ): The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Friday questioned former Deputy Governor of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Harun Rashid Khan in connection with the Rs 13,500 crore Punjab National Bank (PNB) scam, according to sources.
"The time to act is now." Other signatories to the letter include Muslim Council of Britain secretary general Harun Rashid Khan and Laura Janner-Klausner, the senior rabbi to the Movement of Reform Judaism.
The session was headlined by Diajeng Lestari, Founder, Hijup.com, Indonesia, Kerim Ture, Founder, Modanisa.com, Turkey, Rami El Malak, Founder, Miella, UAE and Harun Rashid, Founder, Islamic Design House, UK.
Mr Harun Rashid Chowdhury, the registered food business operator, admitted under caution he had been using mutton in place of lamb as he had considered it to be the same - despite lamb being listed on the menu.
Mr Harun Rashid Chowdhury, the registered food business operator, admitted under caution that he had been using mutton in place of lamb as he had considered it to be the same - despite lamb being listed on the menu.
MOHAMMED Harun Rashid Miah has won a brand new Mercedes Benz 'A Class' as a part of the Huawei P6 raffle draw organised by Zain Bahrain.
On the contrary, Harun Rashid, leader of Stranded Pakistanis General Repatriation Committee (SPGRC), does not see this as an option.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has named the central bank's executive director, Harun Rashid Khan, as its deputy governor for a period of three years.
Harun Rashid, 37, was found guilty of raping an 18-year-old girl at Snaresbrook Crown Court.
Senior education manager for the council, Mr Harun Rashid, said: "Wolverhampton LEA believes that school governing bodies should reflect our multi-cultural communities, and is committed to achieving that."
Naz was born in Sylhet, Bangladesh, on December 30, 1976, to parents Harun Rashid and Amiran Nessa.