Harun al-Rashid

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Related to Harun al Rashid: Charlemagne, Ottoman Empire, Abu Nuwas, Abbasid caliphate

Harun al-Rashid

?763--809 ad, Abbasid caliph of Islam (786--809), whose court at Baghdad was idealized in the Arabian Nights

Harun al-Rashid

 

Born February 766 in Ray; died Mar. 24, 809, in Tus. Caliph from 786. Member of the Abbasid dynasty.

Harun came to power with the aid of the Barmecide family, which represented the interests of the Iranian feudal aristocracy. Until the fall of the Barmecides in 803, the family provided Ha-run’s viziers and largely controlled the affairs of the caliphate. From 803 he ruled alone.

Under Harun the Baghdad Caliphate made great progress in agriculture, crafts, trade, and the arts, especially literature. At the same time, however, signs of the decline of the caliphate appeared: antigovernment uprisings took place in Deylam, Syria, and other regions. Harun continued the struggle that his predecessors had begun against Byzantium. He died during a military campaign undertaken to crush the Rafi ibn Leis Uprising in Middle Asia.

The idealized image of Harun popularized by the tales of A Thousand and One Nights has been proved false by the Soviet Orientalist V. V. Bartol’d.

References in periodicals archive ?
Whereas Ivan the Terrible and Jack the Ripper incite fear, Harun al Rashid provokes laughter--laughter that has largely been stifled by the historiography of early Weimar cinema.
The largely coherent stories of Harun al Rashid and Ivan the Terrible reflect the writer's sustained control over the creative process, emphasized by opening each sequence with a passage written in the artist's hand.
In this light, the threat posed by Jack the Ripper in the final episode of Das Wachsfigurenkabinett proves effective not only in its independence from any but the most rudimentary narrative construct, but also for the way it realizes the potential threat of film by liberating the killer from the narrative frames that kept Harun al Rashid and Ivan the Terrible in check.
Rather than moving from the whimsical curvaceousness of Jannings's caliph, through the claustrophobic narrowness of Veidt's Ivan, to the disorienting sequence with Krauss's spectral killer, the audience at the premiere first encountered Ivan the Terrible, followed by Jack the Ripper, who provided merely an interlude before Harun al Rashid took the screen.
He points out that the film has no "continuity of style," but includes elements of "gothic-Romantic horror" as well as, in the episode with Harun al Rashid, "burlesque or comedy" (176).
Before the Syrian Civil War, the one historical significance of Raqqa to any Syrian was that it served as a surrogate capital for the 9th century Abbasid Caliph Harun Al Rashid.
Historians reported how Malek Ibn Anas's fame spread, with one affirming that the great Caliph Harun Al Rashid asked the aACAyalim: "O Malik I entreat as a favour that you will come every day to me and my two sons Ameen and Ma'mun, and instruct us in traditional knowledge," to which Malek Ibn Anas replied: "O Khalifah, the science of hadith is of a dignified nature and instead of going to any person, requires that all should come to it.
When Harun Al Rashid, for example, suggested that Malek Ibn Anas should debate with Abu Yousuf, then a brilliant pupil of Imam Abu Hanifah, he replied: "Knowledge [aACAyIlm] is not something over which contests ensue, in the likeness of contests between animals or roosters.
Another film in the works is set during the time of Caliph Harun Al Rashid, which portrays the liberalism of the era's Islamic scholars and scientists, and filming may begin in 2014.
Rashid is of Arabic origin, and means rightly guided; the name takes two variant forms, Rashid and Rashed and it's widely used in the UAE and the Gulf, its nickname is Rashoud, people are called this name after Harun Al Rashid, who was one of the greatest Abbasid Caliphs in Iraq.