Harvard College Observatory


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Harvard College Observatory,

astronomical observatoryobservatory,
scientific facility especially equipped to detect and record naturally occurring scientific phenomena. Although geological and meteorological observatories exist, the term is generally applied to astronomical observatories.
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 located in Cambridge, Mass., operated by Harvard (Harvard College at the time of the observatory's founding in 1839). Its equipment includes a 61-in. (155-cm) reflecting telescope and 15-in. (38-cm) and 12-in. (30-cm) refracting telescopes. Programs of the Harvard Observatory include various aspects of solar physics, stellar and nebular spectroscopy and photometry, and theoretical cosmology. Among the noted directors of the observatory have been W. C. Bond, G. P. Bond, E. C. Pickering, and Harlow Shapley. In 1973 the research programs of the Harvard College Observatory were merged with those of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory to form the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; the observatory itself, however, maintains its separate status under the control of Harvard.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Pickering (1846-1919) taken from Harvard College Observatory on 1891 Dec 20.
The 18 charts and 134 catalogues that comprised the unfinished HVSA were returned to Mary Anne Baxendell (Pogson's sister and widow of Joseph Baxendell) who following correspondence with Pickering sent them on to Harvard College Observatory where they remain to this day in storage.
Annals of Harvard College Observatory (Photometric Catalogues, A Catalogue of 1520 Bright Stars);
The plates--500,000 of them--crowd three stories of shelves in Building D of the Harvard College Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Alan Hirshfeld is a professor of physics at UMass Dartmouth, an associate of the Harvard College Observatory, and a historian of astronomy.
Alison Doane (Harvard College Observatory), curator of the collection, slides a plate out for inspection, showing off the Andromeda Galaxy, a crisp swirl of grey and black dots.
But no one worked as hard to establish astrophotography as did a team based at the Harvard College Observatory (HCO), just up the street from the S&T offices in Cambridge.
According to Harvard College Observatory records, IC 418, also known as the "Spirograph Nebula," was spotted first by Williamina Fleming while she was working as an assistant to Edward Pickering, then director of the observatory.
Harvard College Observatory continued taking photographic plates with various telescopes and patrol cameras through 1992.
Harvard College Observatory is progressing in its long-planned project to digitize its famed collection of more than 500,000 glass sky-survey plates.
Edward Pickering, a close friend and director of the Harvard College Observatory, suggested that if she were to fund a laboratory at Harvard, the work could commence immediately.
Soon he was traveling twice a week to Harvard College Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts, a round trip of 100 miles, where the Harvard astronomers granted the eager youth access to the library and instruments.

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