oncomouse

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oncomouse

[′äŋk·ə‚mau̇s]
(biology)
A laboratory mouse that carries activated human cancer genes.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Section 2: The Harvard Mouse Case and Transgenic Animals
The Harvard Mouse case arose from a patent application filed in 1985 for a transgenic mouse whose genetic makeup was altered by a cancer-promoting gene called an "oncogene".
Courts allowed the patent, the Supreme Court of Canada, because of its interpretation of the definition of invention, held the "Harvard Mouse" to be unpatentable.
The minority decision attempts to reconcile the Supreme Court of Canada's majority holding in the Harvard Mouse case with the situation in Monsanto.
Although the minority decision in Monsanto appears to be consistent with the holding of the majority in Harvard Mouse, the majority decision in the Harvard Mouse case has received some criticism.
An example of a development in biotechnology resulting in legal ramifications is the invention of a new life form called the oncomouse or the Harvard mouse.
The Harvard mouse is a genetically engineered mouse designed for cancer research using a technique designed by Philip Leder and Timothy A.
A follow-up case to the Harvard Mouse was the positive finding of patentability of genetically modified genes and cells in agricultural plants (Monsanto Canada Inc.
All the parties who argued on the Harvard Mouse case referred to the Canadian Patent Act, especially to the definitions in section 2: "'invention' means any new and useful art, process, machine, manufacture or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement in any art, process, machine, manufacture or composition of matter;".
Arguments For Issuing a Patent for the Harvard Mouse
The Harvard Mouse case dealt with an trial judge had noted that, due to the complexity of a higher life form, there were a myriad of characteristics that an inventor could not control.
The reason the Harvard Mouse vase is considered to have wide ranging implications is that the decision contained a number of directions from the Court of Appeal that potentially apply to patent applications, in general, regardless of their subject matter.
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