Harvard Observatory

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Harvard Observatory

 

a scientific research institution of Harvard University (USA). Founded in 1839, it includes an astronomical observatory located on the university grounds (since 1844) and radio astronomical and meteorite stations at other locations in the USA. Since 1955 it has been affiliated with the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, Mass. The Harvard Observatory’s major instruments include a 1.5-m reflector, 60-cm and 80-cm Schmidt telescopes, and an 18-m radio telescope. Its research is concentrated on the study of variable stars; the photometric and spectrophotometric study of stars, nebulas, and galaxies; radio astronomical investigations; the study of the problem of the internal structure of stars; and cosmology. A unique library of over 500,000 glass-plate negatives has been collected by the observatory. The first detailed spectral classification of stars (the so-called Harvard classification of star spectra) was worked out at the Harvard Observatory. In addition, the “period-luminosity relationship” of cepheids was discovered there. Vast catalogs of stellar magnitudes, stellar spectra, and galactic clusters have been compiled.

REFERENCES

Gerasimovich, B. P. “Observatoriia Garvardskogo kolledzha.” In Russkii astronomicheskii kalendar’ (yearbook). Nizhny Novgorod, 1930.
Eremeeva, A. I. Vydaiushchiesia astronomy mira. Moscow, 1966.
Bailey, S. L. History and Work of Harvard Observatory 1839-1927. New York-London, 1931. (Harvard Observatory monographs, no. 4.)

A. I. EREMEEVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Henri was not allowed to use Harvard Observatory's Great Refractor Telescope to do her own research, and instead had to work as a 'computer' in director Edward Pickering's 'harem.'
A 1923 image taken from a Harvard Observatory station in Peru is the first in the collection to show Nova Scorpii 1437, the team writes in the August 31st Nature.
Dava Sobel is the author, most recently, of The Glass Universe: How the Ladies of the Harvard Observatory Took the Measure of the Stars.
The presence of so many female workers at the Harvard Observatory encouraged the establishment, by wealthy patronesses, of special fellowships enabling young women astronomers to spend a year there engaged in research.
More than just "human computers," the women working at the Harvard Observatory in the late 19th and early 20th centuries contributed fundamental knowledge to astronomy, a science writer shows (SN: 12/10/16, p.
in astronomy) to work at the Harvard Observatory and contribute to the discoveries of the day.
The play follows Leavitt - and the other women who worked like computers at the Harvard Observatory during the earliest days of modern astronomy - as they made their way in a man's world and negotiated a society that had different goals for women than the ones they wanted to pursue.
Examples of these were Harvard Observatory's Boyden Station near Bloemfontein and Leiden Observatory's southern station, first at the Union Observatory in Johannesburg and later at a field station near the Hartebeespoort dam.
It was discovered on photographic plates in 1939 from Harvard Observatory where Rebecca Jones, its co-discoverer, also discovered another planetary that bears her name, Jones 1 in Pegasus.
His fellow astronomers sought his advice and he participated in the correct setting of Longitude between Liverpool and Harvard Observatory, USA.
The Herschel's "catalog of 2600 nebulae ignited a world-wide debate about their identity." In the early 1900s Harvard Observatory trained some of the first American women astronomers including Williamina Stevens Fleming (b.

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