Haryana


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Haryana

(härēän`ə), state (2001 provisional pop. 21,082,989), 17,120 sq mi (44,341 sq km), N central India. ChandigarhChandigarh
, union territory (2001 provisional pop. 900,914), 44 sq mi (114 sq km) and city, NW India. The city is the capital of both Haryana and Punjab states. It was designed by Le Corbusier and built largely in the 1950s, on a site chosen for its climate and water supply, to
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 is the capital, and AmbalaAmbala
, city (1991 pop. 139,889), Haryana state, NW India. It is a district administrative headquarters, a military station, and a transportation center, with an airport and road and rail connections to Delhi.
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, KarnalKarnal
, city (1991 pop. 176,131), Haryana state, N central India. The town's name is derived from Karna, the rival of Arjuna in the Sanskrit Mahabharata epic. It is on the Delhi-Ambala railroad. Karnal is a market for cotton, salt, wheat, and metal.
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, PanipatPanipat
, town (1991 pop. 191,212), Haryana state, NW India, on the Western Yamuna Canal. It has saltpeter refining plants and manufactures electrical appliances, bricks, glass, and textiles.
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, RohtakRohtak
, city (1991 pop. 216,096), Haryana state, N central India. Rohtak is a district administrative center and a market for grain and cotton. Sculpture from the Buddhist period (c.600 B.C.) has been uncovered there. The city contains several constituent colleges of Punjab Univ.
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, and Bhiwani are other important cities. The terrain is mostly flat and dry but does support irrigated agriculture. Wheat, rice, and cotton are the major crops. Its proximity to Delhi (the national capital territory) provides a huge market for agricultural and manufacturing products. Haryana was created in 1966 out of the Hindi-speaking portions of Punjab state. It is governed by a chief minister and cabinet responsible to an elected, unicameral legislature and by a governor appointed by the president of India. Haryana has suffered from spillover of the violence associated with Sikh separatism in Punjab state.

Haryana

 

a state in northwestern India. Formed in 1966 from the Hindi-speaking areas in the southern part of the state of Punjab. Area, 44,000 sq km. Population, 11 million (1975). Haryana lies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The capital is the city of Chandigarh.

The economy of Haryana is primarily agricultural. Because of the arid climate, irrigation is necessary for farming, and more than 40 percent of the cultivated land is irrigated. The principal crops include wheat, barley, millet, and legumes; the state’s output of wheat is the fourth largest in India. In 1973, 3.5 million tons of grain were harvested. Industrial crops include cotton, sugarcane, and oil-bearing plants, such as peanuts. Purebred cattle and other types of livestock are raised.

The principal industries are food processing (particularly the manufacture of sugar), cotton milling and ginning (at Bhiwani), paper milling (at Jagadhri), and the manufacture of glass goods (at Ambala). A tractor plant is located at Pinjaur.

Haryana

a state of NE India, formed in 1966 from the Hindi-speaking parts of the state of Punjab. Capital: Chandigarh (shared with Punjab). Pop.: 21 082 989 (2001 est.). Area: 44 506 sq. km (17 182 sq. miles)
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