Hashimites

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hashimites

 

(also Hashemites), a dynasty that has ruled in several countries of the Arab East. The Hashimites take their name from the legendary Hashim, son of the founder of the Quraysh tribe, to which Muhammad belonged. The dynasty was founded by the sharif of Mecca Husayn ibn Ali, who was proclaimed king of Hejazin 1916.

Hashimite rulers include Husayn ibn Ali (1916–24) and Hussein (1924–25) in Hejaz; Faisal ibn Hussein (March-July 1920) in Syria; Faisal ibn Hussein (Faisal I, 1921–33), Ghazi ibn Faisal (1933–39), and Faisal ibn Ghazi (Faisal II, 1939–58) in Iraq; and Abdallah ibn Hussein (emir, 1921–46; king, 1946–51), Talal ibn Abdallah (1951–52), and Hussein ibn Talal (since 1952) in Jordan.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They do not like you to combine the prophethood and the caliphate among yourselves, lest it bring about self-aggrandizement and pride." (39) But 'Umar quickly assures Ibn 'Abbas that it is not animosity to the Hashimites (read, the Abbasids) that made others distance them from the caliphal office, but that Abu Bakr needed (kana min al-hazm) to keep things under control until the right time came when they could accede to the caliphate.
The image of 'Umar praising the Hashimites surfaces in the account immediately following.
Among the contenders for power in the Arab world two tribal families stood out; the Hashimites of Makkah and the House of Ibn Saud which was closely affiliated with Wahabi clerics .
The third was the traditional vein of rivalry of the Umayyads towards the Hashimites was found in some people like Yazid, and he displayed a merciless ability to be cruel.
These Arab descendents of the Prophet are known as Hashimites.
North Yemen was ruled by these Hashimite Zaidis for more than 1,000 years until they were overthrown by an alliance of nationalist Sunni and Shia military officers in 1962 who then founded the Yemen Arab Republic.
They looked upon the Hashimites and other Arabs to the east as their rivals.
Sharif Hussain--ruler of Mecca and later of the whole Hijaz (western Arabia) and a Hashimite (member of the same clan as Muhammad), acknowledged keeper of the Holy Places of Islam--had been an ally of Britain during World War I.
The first covers most of the Hashimite era in Iraq (1921-1954), dominated by the strong Arab nationalist feelings for which the Hashimites were known.
The Hashimites are believed to be descendants of the Prophet Mohammed.
Dr.Mahatwari, the principal and the founder of the center, was himself arrested and imprisoned by the authorities, several times, for trying to bring the Hashimites together under the umbrella of "Fatima", the messenger's daughter and the mother of Al-Hussein and Al-Hasan, the sons of the fourth caliph, Ali Bin Abu Talib.
Last week, tribal men from the Osaimat tribes in Amran attacked Hashimite people in the Hawt area.