Hasidim


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Hasidim: Chassid, Chasidim

Hasidim

or

Chassidim

(both: häsē`dĭm, khä–) [Heb.,=the pious], term used by the rabbis to describe those Jews who maintained the highest standard of religious observance and moral action. The term has been applied to movements at three distinct times. The first Hasidim, also called the Assideans or Hasideans, were an ancient Jewish sect that developed between 300 B.C. and 175 B.C. They were the most rigid adherents of Judaism in contradistinction to those Jews who were beginning to be affected by Hellenistic influences. The Hasidim led the resistance to the hellenizing campaign of Antiochus IV of Syria, and they figured largely in the early phases of the revolt of the MaccabeesMaccabees
or Machabees
, Jewish family of the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. They are also called Hasmoneans or Asmoneans after their ancestor, Hashmon.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Their ritual strictness has caused some to see them as forerunners of the Pharisees. Throughout the Talmudic period numerous figures were referred to as Hasidim. During the 12th and 13th cent., however, there arose in Germany a specific group known as the Hasidei Ashkenaz. Influenced by Saadia ben Joseph and with messianic and mystical elements, it held as its central ideology the unity of God, the application of justice in all situations, social and economic equality, and martyrdom at the hands of the crusaders rather than compromise of any kind. The chief ethical work that derived from the group was the Sefer Hasidim (tr. Book of the Pious, 1973). The third movement to which the term Hasidim is applied is that founded in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov and known as HasidismHasidism
or Chassidism
[Heb.,=the pious], Jewish religious movement founded in Poland in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov. Its name derives from Hasidim. Hasidism, which stressed the mercy of God and encouraged joyous religious expression through music and dance, spread
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See S. Lieberman, Hellenism in Jewish Palestine (1962); S. G. Kramer, God and Man in the Sefer Hasidim (1966); A. L. Lowenkopf, The Hasidim (1973). See also bibliography under HasidismHasidism
or Chassidism
[Heb.,=the pious], Jewish religious movement founded in Poland in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov. Its name derives from Hasidim. Hasidism, which stressed the mercy of God and encouraged joyous religious expression through music and dance, spread
..... Click the link for more information.
.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hasidim would hold repeated pilgrimages to their rebbe's court, and the rebbe would circuit-ride to the communities of the faithful.
Ratzo VaShov describes a constant process whereby Hasidim are engaged in "clarifying and purifying the world to make it a dwelling place for divinity" (p.
5) Alfred Doblin, upon seeing Hasidim in Poland, writes: "I feel as if I've come upon an exotic tribe" (75).
If there are Quebecois who have difficulty seeing Hasidim as part of Quebec, by virtue of their own refusal (similarly, in one of the best-known documentaries about Hasidic life, A Life Apart, Rabbi Arthur Hertzberg, one of the great scholars of American Judaism, declares, "Hasidim don't consider themselves American"), we see this refusal to accept a national identity in addition to a religious one to be untrue in Zipora's writing.
13-29, 341-379, and 452-457; Shmuel Safrai, Hasidim ve-Anshei Maaseh, Zion, vol.
Hynes, who has been heavily criticized for going easy on the ultra-Orthodox, and could set a precedent for more sex abuse charges among the Hasidim.
At the time, the Kabbalist hasidim were elitist and separatist.
This is a book that sets out in the clearest possible way the Rebbe's 'war' strategy and tactics on how he would move his Hasidim from their admitted complacency "sha'ananut"--[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]--into those who will transform the world from a world immersed in the 'galut"--[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (exile)--and bring them into the promised world of "geulah"--[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (redemption).
Gabriel, an archangel, mysteriously appears and explains to Daniel that this vision belongs to the end of time; that is, when the Hasidim will be victorious.
Here, the experience of the Hasidim community of Williamsburg is particularly instructive.
Intriguingly, the Modzitzer Hasidim love the idea of appropriation, taking up European marches and Russian drinking songs in order to "bring the melodies out of exile.
Los mas extremos de todos--me refiero a los Hasidim judios--odian a los sionistas, combaten sus leyes y, los de la faccion Neturei Karta, hasta han intentado aliarse de manera formal con Al Fatah.