Haskalah

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Haskalah

(hä'skəlä`), [Heb.,=enlightenment] Jewish movement in Europe active from the 1770s to the 1880s. Beginning in Germany in the circle of the German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn and spreading to Galicia and Russia, the Haskalah called for increased secularization of Jewish life through secular learning, a concern for esthetics, and linguistic assimilation (especially in Germany), all in the cause of speeding Jewish emancipation. The proponents of the Haskalah (maskilim) established schools and published periodicals and other works. By publishing in Hebrew, they contributed to the revival of the language.

Bibliography

See J. Katz, Tradition and Crisis (1961).

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References in periodicals archive ?
(9.) For an overview of the Haskala movement in Russia, see Israel Bartal, The Jews of Eastern Europe, 1772-1881, trans.
The first was the Haskala, the Jewish Enlightenment: Jewish scholars began to take an interest in secular history, and the place of Jewish narratives within that history.
The quotations are from Shmuel Feiner, "Towards a Historical Definition of the Haskala," in New Perspectives on the Haskala, ed.
Haskala, the Jewish enlightenment movement of the last quarter of the eighteenth century in Germany, was a literary and cultural movement that re-worked a portion of Judaism to conform with modernity.
Es asi como los primeros intentos de traduccion de Don Quijote al hebreo aparecen a fines del siglo XIX y principios del siglo XX, impregados del espiritu de la traduccion dictado por la mencionada "ilustracion judia" (Haskala) de Europa, bajo cuya influencia se tomaban obras y personajes consagrados de la literatura occidental y se los trasladaba a un contexto judio, convirtiendolos en episodios y heroes de la historia de Israel.
by the modern secular ideals of the Haskala movement, he refuses to
While it would be going too far to call them youth movements, Hasidism, and for that matter the Haskala, attracted youthful followers during the early period of their formation.
The dates that Lowenstein employs are somewhat arbitrary, but 1770 is when a Haskala (Enlightenment) group of Jews originated in Berlin.
Reared in Russia in a rigidly Orthodox Jewish family, Ahad Ha`am mastered rabbinic literature but soon was attracted to the rationalist school of medieval Jewish philosophy and to the writings of the Haskala ("Enlightenment"), a liberal Jewish movement that attempted to integrate Judaism with modern Western thought.
Katz, however, persuasively insists that the transition came only with the later eighteenth-century rise of Jewish enlightenment (Haskala) in Germanic lands, and religious pietism (Hasidism) in Eastern Europe.
Schapkow organizes the multitude of sources into three distinct historical phases: 1) In the context of the Haskala, Sephardic memory was focused primarily on exceptional figures whose example could inspire the process of "civic improvement" at a time when Christian Wilhelm Dohm (who himself invoked the Iberian Jewish past in his famous tract) was encouraging German Jews' entry into mainstream society.