For an overview of the Haskala
movement in Russia, see Israel Bartal, The Jews of Eastern Europe, 1772-1881, trans.
The first was the Haskala
, the Jewish Enlightenment: Jewish scholars began to take an interest in secular history, and the place of Jewish narratives within that history.
The quotations are from Shmuel Feiner, "Towards a Historical Definition of the Haskala
," in New Perspectives on the Haskala
of the Haskala
translates into access to literacy for Frieda and Mary,
While it would be going too far to call them youth movements, Hasidism, and for that matter the Haskala
, attracted youthful followers during the early period of their formation.
The dates that Lowenstein employs are somewhat arbitrary, but 1770 is when a Haskala
(Enlightenment) group of Jews originated in Berlin.
Reared in Russia in a rigidly Orthodox Jewish family, Ahad Ha`am mastered rabbinic literature but soon was attracted to the rationalist school of medieval Jewish philosophy and to the writings of the Haskala
("Enlightenment"), a liberal Jewish movement that attempted to integrate Judaism with modern Western thought.
and Hasidism were obviously not twin movements, as the 1961 translation infelicitly renders Katz's Hebrew.
Schapkow organizes the multitude of sources into three distinct historical phases: 1) In the context of the Haskala
, Sephardic memory was focused primarily on exceptional figures whose example could inspire the process of "civic improvement" at a time when Christian Wilhelm Dohm (who himself invoked the Iberian Jewish past in his famous tract) was encouraging German Jews' entry into mainstream society.
Ebenso bildet in David Sorkins zahlreichen Publikationen die Haskala
den roten Faden seiner Forschungen.
Maimonides was a major inspiration for Spinoza's Tractatus Theologico-Politicus, and Jewish Enlighteners like Moses Mendelssohn regarded the works of Maimonides as a driving force in the project of haskala
Ademas decia (hasta en sus papeles de identidad) que nacio en la impronunciable ciudad de Schwabendorf, aunque Brody era el centro de la Haskala
, la union de la Ilustracion judia.