Haskalah


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Haskalah

(hä'skəlä`), [Heb.,=enlightenment] Jewish movement in Europe active from the 1770s to the 1880s. Beginning in Germany in the circle of the German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn and spreading to Galicia and Russia, the Haskalah called for increased secularization of Jewish life through secular learning, a concern for esthetics, and linguistic assimilation (especially in Germany), all in the cause of speeding Jewish emancipation. The proponents of the Haskalah (maskilim) established schools and published periodicals and other works. By publishing in Hebrew, they contributed to the revival of the language.

Bibliography

See J. Katz, Tradition and Crisis (1961).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Natalie Naimark-Goldberg's chapter is particularly important for Jewish studies scholars, as it shows that Levy was committed to Jewish causes and institutions, including her support of Haskalah and Jewish education.
(10) On this important movement from a fresh and scintillating point of view, see Olga Litvak, Haskalah: The Romantic Movement in Judaism (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2012).
(10) While Carigal came of age in a land distant from the currents of the "early haskalah," he was no less at the cutting edge of eighteenth-century proto-Jewish modernity.
Each chapter proceeds chronologically, repeatedly lingering on Dauber's twin obsessions, the Book of Esther and the Haskalah. The more recent past often gets short shrift.
Sulzer was one of a generation of great cantors nurtured by the Haskalah. The cantor Louis Lewandowski was born in Poland and arrived in Berlin in 1834.
Shrira, Toledot ha-Sifrut ha-Talmudit (Tel Aviv: Haskalah la-Am, 1937) p.
In the literature of the Haskalah, the early-modern Jewish Enlightenment movement, the Jewish doctor was a stock heroic character.
The topics are leaving the shtetl, from haskalah to positivism, young Dubnow as a Jewish positivist, coping with new realities, Romantic positivism, the historian become a nationalist, from the 19th to the 20th century, and reconsiderations.
In "England's Jewish Renaissance: Maria Polack's Fiction without Romance (1830) in Context," Heidi Kaufman examines an Anglo-Jewish "anti-romance novel" in terms of the Jewish Enlightenment or Haskalah and its author's concept of "rational morality" (71, 70).
Only with the advent of political and social emancipation and the so-called Jewish Haskalah (Enlightenment) in the late 18th Century, were Jews able to enter what Moses Mendelssohn memorably called the 'broad highway of human culture'; only then did the issue of what constituted Jewish art become problematic.
His grandfather was the venerable German-Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786) a pioneer of the Haskalah (Enlightenment) movement in Jewish life, but he was a strictly religious Jew throughout his life.