Haskalah


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Haskalah

(hä'skəlä`), [Heb.,=enlightenment] Jewish movement in Europe active from the 1770s to the 1880s. Beginning in Germany in the circle of the German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn and spreading to Galicia and Russia, the Haskalah called for increased secularization of Jewish life through secular learning, a concern for esthetics, and linguistic assimilation (especially in Germany), all in the cause of speeding Jewish emancipation. The proponents of the Haskalah (maskilim) established schools and published periodicals and other works. By publishing in Hebrew, they contributed to the revival of the language.

Bibliography

See J. Katz, Tradition and Crisis (1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
After a general introduction and a review of terminology, she addresses such topics as history or historical narratives: formative traditions in Karaite literature and their social functions, the interactions between the Karaites and the Protestant Hebraists in the 17th and 18th centuries, Karaite chronography in the Crimea and Eastern Europe, and the Haskalah, Hokhmat Israel, and the evolution of Karaite identity in the Russian Empire.
In "England's Jewish Renaissance: Maria Polack's Fiction without Romance (1830) in Context," Heidi Kaufman examines an Anglo-Jewish "anti-romance novel" in terms of the Jewish Enlightenment or Haskalah and its author's concept of "rational morality" (71, 70).
Only with the advent of political and social emancipation and the so-called Jewish Haskalah (Enlightenment) in the late 18th Century, were Jews able to enter what Moses Mendelssohn memorably called the 'broad highway of human culture'; only then did the issue of what constituted Jewish art become problematic.
His grandfather was the venerable German-Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786) a pioneer of the Haskalah (Enlightenment) movement in Jewish life, but he was a strictly religious Jew throughout his life.
Moreover, Ruderman asserts, the discontinuity between early modern Jewish culture and the Haskalah, or Jewish enlightenment heralding the beginning of modern Jewish history, was less sharp than historians have believed.
The well known axiom of the Haskalah 'Be a Jew at home and a human being on the street' acquired a new significance in the Soviet setting.
The chapter on Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786), the polymath known as the "Socrates of Berlin," affords the author the opportunity to summarize his own extensive research into the Haskalah or Jewish enlightenment.
Gumplowicz was born a Krakow Jew to an upwardly mobile family in the year when his father, a devotee of the German Enlightenment and its Jewish offshoot Haskalah, obtained citizenship rights--still a rarity in Austrian-occupied Krakow.
The Jewish Enlightenment Movement or Haskalah developed in Europe during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Yiddish communities, especially after the pogroms of the 1880s had marked the failure of assimilation, chose to remain autonomous within the Diaspora, and this tradition stressed the mystical interpretation of ancient texts (Hasidism) rather than the rationalism of the Haskalah.
Fruhauf's account of the synagogue organ's development and controversy reveals a compelling new dimension to the history of changing Jewish identities and practices during the development of Reform Judaism from the Haskalah to Kristallacht.