Haskell

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Haskell

(language)
(Named after the logician Haskell Curry) A lazy purely functional language largely derived from Miranda but with several extensions. Haskell was designed by a committee from the functional programming community in April 1990. It features static polymorphic typing, higher-order functions, user-defined algebraic data types, and pattern-matching list comprehensions. Innovations include a class system, systematic operator overloading, a functional I/O system, functional arrays, and separate compilation.

Haskell 1.3 added many new features, including monadic I/O, standard libraries, constructor classes, labeled fields in datatypes, strictness annotations, an improved module system, and many changes to the Prelude.

Gofer is a cut-down version of Haskell with some extra features.

Filename extension: .hs, .lhs (literate programming).

http://haskell.org/.

["Report on the Programming Language Haskell Version 1.1", Paul Hudak & P. Wadler eds, CS Depts, U Glasgow and Yale U., Aug 1991].

[Version 1.2: SIGPLAN Notices 27(5), Apr 1992].

Haskell 1.3 Report.

Mailing list: <haskell-request@cs.yale.edu>.

Yale Haskell - Version 2.0.6, Haskell 1.2 built on Common Lisp.

ftp://nebula.cs.yale.edu/pub/haskell/yale/.

Glasgow Haskell (GHC) - Version 2.04 for DEC Alpha/OSF2; HPPA1.1/HPUX9,10; SPARC/SunOs 4, Solaris 2; MIPS/Irix 5,6; Intel 80386/Linux,Solaris 2,FreeBSD,CygWin 32; PowerPC/AIX. GHC generates C or native code.

ftp://ftp.dcs.glasgow.ac.uk/pub/haskell/glasgow/.

E-mail: <glasgow-haskell-request@dcs.glasgow.ac.uk>.

Haskell-B - Haskell 1.2 implemented in LML, generates native code.

ftp://ftp.cs.chalmers.se/pub/haskell/chalmers/.

E-mail: <hbc@cs.chalmers.se>.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

Haskell

A functional programming language named after American logician Haskell Curry. Haskell was developed by a group of researchers in the 1980s who were alarmed at the number of different functional languages being developed. Haskell adheres more to all the principles of functional programming than other languages but is considered challenging to write. First released in 1990, there are several implementations of Haskell, the Glasgow Haskell Compiler (GHC) being the most prominent. See functional programming and programming language.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Tsiridou will bring to life the music of Rosa Eskenazi, Stella Haskil, Marika Ninou and Sotiria Bellou in a programme filled with their greatest songs.
The orchestra is also cherished for its collaborations with famous soloists, from Yehudi Menuhin, David Oistrakh, Pablo Casals, Wilhelm Kempff, and Clara Haskil to contemporary stars such as Anne-Sophie Mutter, Viktoria Mullova, Leonidas Kavakos, James Galway, Mischa Maisky, Helene Grimaud and Arabella Steinbacher.
Cette liaison culturelle et linguistique puissante cultivee depuis des siecles a ete soutenue par des artistes (Brancusi), musiciens (George Enescu, Dinu Lipatti, Clara Haskil), des personnalites intelectuelles feminines (Martha Bibesco, Anna de Noailles, Elena Vacaresco) et nombreux ecrivains (Eugene Ionesco, Emil Cioran, Panait Istrati) ou avant-gardistes comme Tristan Tzara, Gherasim Luca, Benjamin Fondane).
I am reminded of the great Romanian pianist Clara Haskil who gave a masterclass about 50 years ago.
Between 1991 and 2009, he has been serving as Chairman of the Jury of the Clara Haskil International Piano Competition.
Un echo du talent d'Enescu est venu de Marcel Mihalovici (22), un autre musicien roumain qui, ayant choisi l'exil a Paris en 1921, avait ete decouvert par le grand compositeur et a apporte sa pierre a la creation d'une communaute musicale roumaine en France, qui a inclus egalement Dinu Lipatti ou Clara Haskil.
In addition to his frequent master classes he serves as adjudicator on international piano competitions such as the Van Cliburn, Queen Elisabeth of Belgium, Arthur Rubinstein, Leeds, Paloma O'Shea, Clara Haskil, Piano-eCompetition and the International Chamber Music Competition.
In 2009 CDs appeared with his recordings of Mozart's KV 491 with Clara Haskil and the Orchestre National de la RTF (Andromeda ANDRCD 9050) and with Brahms' second concerto featuring Arthur Rubinstein and the Orchestra Sinfonica della RAI de Torino (Arts 43081-2).
He won first prize at the Naumburg International Piano Competition (New York) and the Clara Haskil Competition.
He was the first-prize winner in the Clara Haskil International Competition in 1993 and won the Mozartinterpretationspreis (Mozart Medal) of the Mozartgemeinde in 1998.
Her salons began in May 1888, featuring Chabrier, Faure, and d'Indy as both composers and performers, and ended in July 1939, with a concert of works of Bach, Mozart, and Busoni played by pianists Dinu Lipatti and Clara Haskil and an orchestra conducted by Charles Munch.